Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection

A Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection is a congenital defect where the right atrium is the point of return for the blood from some (but not all) of the pulmonary veins.

It is less severe than total anomalous pulmonary venous connection which is a life-threatening anomaly requiring emergent surgical correction, usually diagnosed in the first few days of life. Partial anomalous venous connection may be diagnosed at any time from birth to old age. The severity of symptoms, and thus the likelihood of diagnosis, varies significantly depending on the amount of blood flow through the anomalous connections. In less severe cases, with smaller amounts of blood flow, diagnosis may be delayed until adulthood, when it can be confused with other causes of pulmonary hypertension. There is also evidence that a significant number of mild cases are never diagnosed, or diagnosed incidentally. It is associated with other vascular anomalies, and some genetic syndromes such as monosomy X.

It can be diagnosed with CT scan, angiography, transesophageal echocardiography, or cardiac MRI. Unfortunately, less invasive and expensive testing, such as transthoracic echocardiography and CT scanning are generally less sensitive.

It is sometimes treated with surgery. However, interest is increasing in catheter-based interventional approaches, as well as medical therapy for less severe cases.

Other articles related to "pulmonary, anomalous pulmonary venous connection":

List Of Emergency Medicine Topics - Medicine and Surgery - Pulmonary
... Asthma Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Upper respiratory infection Pneumonia Pleurisy ...
Terguride
... Serotonin stimulates the proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells, and induces fibrosis in the wall of pulmonary arteries ... causes vascular remodeling and narrowing of the pulmonary arteries ... medicine could offer the hope of achieving reversal of pulmonary artery vascular remodeling and attenuation of disease progression ...
Combined Pulmonary Fibrosis And Emphysema
... Combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema describes a medical syndrome involving both pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema ...
Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection
... Anomalous pulmonary venous connection is a congenital defect of the pulmonary veins ... Types include Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection ...

Famous quotes containing the words connection, partial and/or anomalous:

    The virtue of art lies in detachment, in sequestering one object from the embarrassing variety. Until one thing comes out from the connection of things, there can be enjoyment, contemplation, but no thought.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    The only coöperation which is commonly possible is exceedingly partial and superficial; and what little true coöperation there is, is as if it were not, being a harmony inaudible to men. If a man has faith, he will coöperate with equal faith everywhere; if he has not faith, he will continue to live like the rest of the world, whatever company he is joined to.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    Before the land rose out of the ocean, and became dry land, chaos reigned; and between high and low water mark, where she is partially disrobed and rising, a sort of chaos reigns still, which only anomalous creatures can inhabit.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)