Panegyric

A panegyric is a formal public speech, or (in later use) written verse, delivered in high praise of a person or thing, a generally highly studied and discriminating eulogy, not expected to be critical. It is derived from the Greek πανηγυρικός meaning "a speech fit for a general assembly" (panegyris). In Athens such speeches were delivered at national festivals or games, with the object of rousing the citizens to emulate the glorious deeds of their ancestors.

The most famous are the Olympiacus of Gorgias, the Olympiacus of Lysias, and the Panegyricus and Panathenaicus (neither of them, however, actually delivered) of Isocrates. Funeral orations, such as the famous speech put into the mouth of Pericles by Thucydides, also partook of the nature of panegyrics.

The Romans generally confined the panegyric to the living, and reserved the funeral oration exclusively for the dead. The most celebrated example of a Latin panegyric, however, is that delivered by the younger Pliny (AD 100) in the senate on the occasion of his assumption of the consulship, which contained a eulogy of Trajan considered fulsome by some scholars.

Towards the end of the 3rd and during the 4th century, as a result of the orientalizing of the Imperial court by Diocletian, it became customary to celebrate as a matter of course the superhuman virtues and achievements of the reigning emperor, in a formally staged literary event. In 336, Eusebius of Caesarea gave a panegyric of Constantine the Great on the 30th year of his reign, in which he broke from tradition by celebrating the piety of the emperor, rather than his secular achievements. A well-delivered, elegant and witty panegyric became a vehicle for an educated but inexperienced young man to attract desirable attention in a competitive sphere. The poet Claudian came to Rome from Alexandria before about 395 and made his first reputation with a panegyric; he became court poet to Stilicho.

Cassiodorus the courtier and magister of Theodoric the Great and his successors, left a book of panegyrics, his Laudes. As his biographer O'Donnell has said of the genre "It was to be expected that the praise contained in the speech would be excessive; the intellectual point of the exercise (and very likely an important criterion in judging it) was to see how excessive the praise could be made while remaining within boundaries of decorum and restraint, how much high praise could be made to seem the grudging testimony of simple honesty." (O'Donnell 1979, ch. 2).

Qasida is panegyric poetry in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Urdu.

A person who writes panegyrics is called a panegyrist. Another term is eulogist.

Other articles related to "panegyrics, panegyric":

Sidonius - Works
... His extant works are his Panegyrics on different emperors (in which he draws largely upon Statius, Ausonius and Claudian), which document several important political events ... Carmen 7 is a panegyric to his father-in-law Avitus on his inauguration as emperor ... Carmen 5 is a panegyric to Majorian, which offers evidence that Sidonius was able to overcome the natural suspicion and hostility towards the man who was ...
Procopius - Writings - The Buildings of Justinian
... Κτισμάτων, Latin De Aedificiis, "On Buildings") is a panegyric on Justinian's building activity in the empire ... Theodora, who was dead when this panegyric was written, is mentioned only briefly, but Procopius' praise of her beauty is fulsome ... The panegyric was likely written at Justinian's behest, however, and it is doubtful that the sentiments expressed are sincere ...
Julian The Apostate - Works
... Budé Date Work Comment Wright I 356/7 Panegyric In Honour Of Constantius Written to reassure Constantius that he was on side ... I II ~June 357 Panegyric In Honour Of Eusebia Expresses gratitude for Eusebia's support ... (Sometimes called "second panegyric to Constantius".) II IV 359 Consolation Upon the Departure of Salutius Grapples with the removal of his close advisor in Gaul ...
Laudatio Florentinae Urbis
... florentinae urbis (Latin for "Praise of the City of Florence") is a panegyric delivered by Leonardo Bruni (c ... The panegyric is modeled after Aelius Aristides' Panathenaic Oration, particularly with references to Florence's values and external threats ... The panegyric contains chronological contradictions with Bruni's other oration, Dialogi ...