Ossification of Sphenoid - Intrinsic Ligaments of The Sphenoid

Intrinsic Ligaments of The Sphenoid

The more important of these are:

  • the pterygospinous, stretching between the spina angularis and the lateral pterygoid plate (see cervical fascia);
  • the interclinoid, a fibrous process joining the anterior to the posterior clinoid process;
  • and the caroticoclinoid, connecting the anterior to the middle clinoid process.

These ligaments occasionally ossify.

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.

Embryology of bones, joints, and muscles (GA 2.80, TE E5.0-2)
Upper limb
  • Ossification of humerus
  • Ossification of ulna
  • Ossification of radius
Lower limb
  • Ossification of tibia
  • cranium: Ossification of occipital bone
  • Ossification of frontal bone
  • Ossification of temporal bone
  • Ossification of sphenoid
  • Ossification of ethmoid
  • facial bones: Ossification of vomer
    • Sutura vomerina
    • Foramen vomerinum
    • Meatus vomerinus
    • Fissura vomerina
  • Ossification of maxilla
  • Ossification of mandible
  • Ossification of scapula
  • Limb development: Limb bud
  • Apical ectodermal ridge/AER
  • Zone of polarizing activity
  • Sclerotome/Myotome
  • Septum transversum


anat (c/f/k/f, u, t/p, l)/phys/devp/cell

noco/cong/tumr, sysi/epon, injr

proc, drug (M5)


anat (h/c, u, t, l)/phys

noco (arth/defr/back/soft)/cong, sysi/epon, injr

proc, drug (M01C, M4)


anat (h/n, u, t/d, a/p, l)/phys/devp/hist

noco (m, s, c)/cong (d)/tumr, sysi/epon, injr

proc, drug (M1A/3)

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