Operation Michael - Conclusions

Conclusions

Over 75,000 British soliers had been taken prisoner, and by the standards of the time, a substantial advance across enemy ground had occurred. It was, however, of little military value given both the casualties suffered by the German crack troops and the fact that Amiens and Arras remained in Allied hands. On top of this the newly-won territory was for the most part difficult to traverse, as much of it consisted of the shell-torn wilderness left by the 1916 Battle of the Somme. Elsewhere the land had been demolished and poisoned by the scorched earth policy of the German retreat to the Hindenburg line in March 1917. It was therefore, difficult to defend their gains against Allied counterattacks.

Both sides suffered massive losses during the battle. The Allies lost nearly 255,000 men (British, British Empire, French and American losses). The British suffered 177,739 killed, wounded and missing, (90,882 of them in Gough’s Fifth Army and 78,860 in Byng’s Third Army) of these, just under 15,000 died. An unusually high proportion of those who died have no known grave. The greatest losses were to 36th (Ulster) Division (7,310), 16th (Irish) Division (7,149) and 66th (2nd East Lancashire) Division (7,023). All three formations were destroyed and had to be taken out of the order of battle to be rebuilt. Six other divisions each lost more than 5,000 men. They also lost 1,300 artillery pieces and 200 tanks. All of this could be replaced, either from British factories or from American manpower. The Germans had captured 1,200 sq mi (3,100 km2) of France and advanced up to 40 mi (64 km) but they had not achieved any of their strategic objectives. German troop losses were 250,000 men, largely specialist shock troops who were irreplaceable. German casualties, for a slightly different period of 21 March – 30 April (which includes the Battle of the Lys) are given as 348,300. A comparable Allied total over this longer period would be French losses of 92,004 plus British of 236,300, making just over 328,000. In terms of morale, the initial German jubilation at the successful opening of the offensive soon turned to disappointment as it became clear that the attack had not achieved decisive results. This was perhaps the turning point of the war.

Read more about this topic:  Operation Michael

Other articles related to "conclusions":

Mitchell Report - Report Conclusions
... that are included in the report and focus on the conclusions he reached during his investigation ... Mitchell presents his conclusions in five sections ...
Byron Review - Reception of The Review - UK Newspaper Reporting
... in which the stories were phrased, and in particular the conclusions drawn by the newspapers, were almost entirely at odds with the actual conclusions of the review ... devoted further space to demonising videogames, again reporting contrary to the conclusions drawn in the review ...
Symphonies By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky - Conclusions
... However, Cooper suggests, if they were to be "judged as a hybrid species" of symphony and symphonic poem, with inner workings more flexible and varied than sonata form might allow inhabiting the general four–movement structure to accommodate the musical and extra–musical demands sought not just by Tchaikovsky but also a number of other Romantic–age composers, they could be considered "completely successful." This, again in architectural terms, would be like when Gothic style was combined with the ideals of the Renaissance and the Counter-Reformation and a genuinely new style, the Baroque, resulted, "an organic development from the Gothic but as different in individuality as a child from its father." Soviet musicologist Boris Asafyev, in fact, calls the Tchaikovsky symphonies "dramatic" as opposed to the "non–dramatic" symphonies of Franz Schubert and Alexander Glazunov, as though he is discussing, if not two entirely different genres, then two separate variations on a common form ... Brown delineates the issue along cultural as well as formal lines ...
Bélmez Faces - The Investigations - The Forgery Hypothesis - Conclusions
... Another explanation might be the use of agents sensitive to light (which was not mentioned in either Jordán or Perera's repertoire of forgery hypotheses) silver nitrate which, when subjected to ultraviolet sunlight, darkens ... In general, there may be at least three chemical sources capable of producing an effect similar to that of the Bélmez faces (1) Products that affect the chemical structure of the cement which include some oxidizing agents and several acids (all types of cement are of alkaline nature and therefore easily attacked by acids) (2) products that leave the cement intact but change their chemical structure upon contact with external agents such as light or chemical reagents and (3) the utilization of a pigment in a vehicle or resin, as discussed by Ruiz-Noguez in his commentary on the ICV chart. ...
Columbia School Of Linguistics - Orientations
... Conclusions about how the mind functions, based the structure of language, should wait until a new, more reliable linguistics emerges, as did astronomy from ... CSL uses mathematics as a tool to analyze and draw conclusions about languages ... of occurrences of various phenomena and then apply statistical criteria to draw conclusions about the reasons for this usage ...

Famous quotes containing the word conclusions:

    It is the true office of history to represent the events themselves, together with the counsels, and to leave the observations and conclusions thereupon to the liberty and faculty of every man’s judgement.
    Francis Bacon (1561–1626)

    Now, were I once at home, and in good satire,
    I’d try conclusions with those Janizaries,
    And show them what an intellectual war is.
    George Gordon Noel Byron (1788–1824)

    I have always been, am, and propose to remain a mere scholar. All that I have ever proposed to myself is to say, this and this I have learned; thus and thus have I learned it; go thou and learn better; but do not thrust on my shoulders the responsibility for your own laziness if you elect to take, on my authority, conclusions the value of which you ought to have tested for yourself.
    Thomas Henry Huxley (1825–95)