Nganasan Language - Phonology


The Nganasan language includes 10 vowels and about 20 consonant phonemes.

Nganasan vowels
Front Central Back
Close i, y ɨ u
Mid e ə o
Open ⁱa ɐ ᵘa

Several bisyllabic sequences of vowels are possible:

-i -y -u
i- ii
y- yy
ɨ- ɨɨ ɨə ɨɐ
u- ui uu
e- ei ey
ə- əi əu əə
o- oi ou
ⁱa- ⁱai
ɐ- ɐi ɐy ɐu ɐɐ
ᵘa- ᵘaɐ

One of the main features of Nganasan is the consonant gradation, which concerns the consonant phonemes b, t, k, s (sʼ) and their nasal combinations mb, nt, ŋk, ns.

Read more about this topic:  Nganasan Language

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