Before World War I, the Nauen station was a research station of Telefunken. Trial service was initiated on 9 August 1906, and operational service began on 16 August 1906 using spark-gap transmitters. An umbrella antenna was supported by a steel lattice mast 100 metres high, insulated from earth.
Since the station had no commercial power, a 35 HP steam tractor was installed in the transmitter building, a light half timbered house, which powered a 50 Hz alternator producing 24 kVA output power.
Arc transmitters were installed in 1909, which increased the range of the station to 5000 kilometres.
A radio link with the German colony of Togoland was established for the first time in 1911. In the same year the antenna tower was increased to 200 metres in height; however, this tower was destroyed by a storm on 31 March 1912. A temporary replacement antenna was suspended between two 120 metres high masts. This was replaced by a V-shaped antenna supported by five masts at end of 1912. In 1913 the first high power machine transmitter was installed in the station. It worked with frequency doubling using the Arco system.
Read more about this topic: Nauen Transmitter Station
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