Molecular Orbital - Qualitative Discussion - Bonding in Molecular Orbitals - Ionic Bonds

Ionic Bonds

When the energy difference between the atomic orbitals of two atoms is quite large, one atom's orbitals contribute almost entirely to the bonding orbitals, and the others atom’s orbitals contribute almost entirely to the antibonding orbitals. Thus, the situation is effectively that some electrons have been transferred from one atom to the other. This is called an (mostly) ionic bond.

Read more about this topic:  Molecular Orbital, Qualitative Discussion, Bonding in Molecular Orbitals

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