Miller v. Johnson, 515 U.S. 900 (1995), was a United States Supreme Court case concerning "affirmative gerrymandering/racial gerrymandering", where racial minority-majority electoral districts are created during redistricting to increase minority Congressional representation.
The case was brought to court by white voters in the Eleventh Congressional District of the state of Georgia. The irregularly shaped district, which stretched 6,784.2 square miles (17,571 km2) from Atlanta to the Atlantic Ocean, was created to encompass enough of Georgia's African-American population to elect their candidate of choice, rather than being dispersed as a minority among numerous districts.
The Court ruled against the district, declaring it to be a "geographic monstrosity." It was declared unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, according to the interpretation in Shaw v. Reno (1993).