Methyl Benzoate - Synthesis and Reactions

Synthesis and Reactions

Methylbenzoate is formed by the condensation of methanol and benzoic acid, in presence of a strong acid such as hydrochloric acid. It reacts both at the ring and the ester. Illustrative of its ability to undergo electrophilic substitution, methyl benzoate undergoes acid-catalysed nitration with nitric acid to give methyl 3-nitrobenzoate. It also undergoes hydrolysis with addition of aqueous NaOH to give methanol and sodium benzoate, which can be acidified with aqueous HCl to form benzoic acid.

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