Mesivta - History - in Talmudic and Geonic Eras

In Talmudic and Geonic Eras

The term metivta first appears in the Talmud, where it refers to a yeshiva of Talmudic sages. Rav learned in the metivta in Tzippori under Judah ha-Nasi, his son, and grandson. Under the leadership of Rav and Shmuel, the Talmudic Academy of Sura during the Babylonian Exile was called a sidra, but under Rav Huna, the second dean of the Academy of Sura, the yeshiva began to be called a metivta and Huna was the first to hold the title of resh metivta (corresponding to rosh yeshiva). According to Graetz, the metivta convened in certain months of the year. Metivta frameworks continued to operate throughout the era of the Geonim, a period of approximately 1,000 years.

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