- 1885 : The architect Joseph Auguste Émile Vaudremer conceived the idea and design for a "lycée de la rive gauche", to be built on the site of the old cimetière de Vaugirard.
- 1888 : The establishment took the name "lycée Buffon", after the naturalist the Comte de Buffon, on the centenary of his death.
- 1889 : First entrants, under director M. Adam.
- 1901 : Opening of the first classe préparatoire.
- 1914-1918 : Served as a military hospital.
- 1940-1945 : A French Resistance centre.
- 8 February 1943: Five of its students - Jean Arthus, Jacques Baudry, Pierre Benoît, Pierre Grelot and Lucien Legros - were shot by a German firing squad at the stand de tir de Balard in Paris. They had been arrested and condemned to death for Resistance activities in 1942. A commemorative plaque to the event is to be seen in the lycée's entrance hall on and it is also commemorated by the naming of the place des Cinq-Martyrs-du-Lycée-Buffon, at the end of boulevard Pasteur.
- 15 June 1944 : Raymond Burgard, a professor at the school, beheaded at Cologne by the Nazis
- 1970 : Introduction of co-ed, achieved in September 1978.
- 1988 : Sports classes set up.
- 1995 : Restoration works begun.
- 1997 : New building for specialist teaching opened.
- 1998 : New school canteen and gymnasium opened.
Read more about this topic: Lycée Buffon
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