Lu Jiuyuan (Chinese: 陸九淵; Pinyin: Lù Jiǔyuān) or Lu Xiangshan (陸象山; Pinyin: Lù Xiàngshān) (1139–1192) was a Chinese scholar and philosopher who founded the school of the universal mind, the second most influential Neo-Confucian school. He was a contemporary and the main rival of Zhu Xi.
In China, Japan, and Western countries, he is known by his honorific name rather than his private name.
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... The philosophy of Lu Jiuyuan attracted not many followers in China following Lu's death in 1193 ... Lu's philosophy was almost completely forgotten until a later thinker named Wang Yangming republished and wrote his commentaries on Lu's works during Ming dynasty ... Wang Yangming played a significant role in developing Lu's philosophy and the school of the universal mind rivaling Zhuxi's school of the principle ...