Low Lusatian German - Language

Language

Low Lusatian German lacks regional specific words. It contains syncopes and apocopes which are used in nearly every German dialect. The only clearly remarkable articulation is the guttural ⟨r⟩, where Standard German's ⟨er⟩ ending is instead ⟨a⟩ :

English Standard German Lower Lusatian German
spelling IPA spelling IPA
water Wasser /vasɐ/ Wassa /vasa/
hammer Hammer /hamɐ/ Hamma /hama/
sister Schwester /ʃvɛstɐ/ Schwesta(r) /ʃvɛsta/

At the beginning of a word the ⟨r⟩ is always spoken, but it is nearly inaudible within a word. The same effect can be seen on the letter ⟨e⟩ which also mostly vanishes in the endings, the changing of ⟨au⟩ to ⟨o(h)⟩/⟨oo⟩, and the stretching of ⟨ei⟩/⟨ai⟩ to ⟨ee⟩ :

English Standard German Lower Lusatian German
spelling IPA spelling IPA
to rake harken /ˈhaʁkɛn/ haakn /ˈhaːkn̩/
to work arbeiten /ˈaʁbaɪtɛn/ abeitn /ˈabeːtn̩/
to buy kaufen /ˈkʰaʊfɛn/ kohfn /ˈkʰoːfn̩/
as well auch /aʊx/ ooch /oːx/
on auf /aʊf/ off/ /oːf/
one ein (m.)
eine (f.)
eines (n.)
/aɪn/
/aɪnə/
/aɪnɛs/
een
eene
eens
/eːn/
/eːnə/
/eːns/
small Kleine /ˈklaɪnə/ Kleene /ˈkleːnə/

The short ⟨i⟩ is spoken similarly to the standard German ⟨ü⟩ ( or ):

English Standard German Lower Lusatian German
spelling IPA spelling IPA
table Tisch /tʰɪʃ/ Tüsch /tʰʏʃ/
church Kirche /ˈkʰɪʁçə/ Kürche /ˈkʰʏɐ̯çə/

(in smaller villages the word Kerke is used.)

cherry Kirsche /ˈkʰɪʁʃə/ Kürsche /ˈkʰʏɐ̯ʃə/

Another sign is a different form of the perfect:

English Standard German Lower Lusatian German
spelling IPA spelling IPA
it was switched off es wurde abgeschaltet /ɛs ˈvʊʁdə ˈabɡɛʃaltɛt/ es wurde abgeschalten /ɛs vuadə ˈabɡɛʃaltɛn/

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