Lothal

Lothal (Gujarati: લોથલ loˑt̪ʰəl) is one of the most prominent cities of the ancient Indus valley civilization. Located in Bhāl region of the modern state of Gujarāt and dating from 2400 BCE. Discovered in 1954, Lothal was excavated from February 13, 1955 to May 19, 1960 by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), the official Indian government agency for the preservation of ancient monuments. Lothal's dock—the world's earliest known, connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch desert of today was a part of the Arabian Sea.It was a vital and thriving trade centre in ancient times, with its trade of beads, gems and valuable ornaments reaching the far corners of West Asia and Africa. The techniques and tools they pioneered for bead-making and in metallurgy have stood the test of time for over 4000 years.

Lothal is situated near the village of Saragwala in the Dholka taluka of Ahmedabad district. It is six kilometres (south-east) of the Lothal-Bhurkhi railway station on the Ahmedabad-Bhavnagar railway line. It is also connected by all-weather roads to the cities of Ahmedabad (85 km/53 mi), Bhavnagar, Rajkot and Dholka. The nearest cities are Dholka and Bagodara. Resuming excavation in 1961, archaeologists unearthed trenches sunk on the northern, eastern and western flanks of the mound, bringing to light the inlet channels and nullah ("ravine", or "gully") connecting the dock with the river. The findings consist of a mound, a township, a marketplace, and the dock. Adjacent to the excavated areas stands the Archaeological Museum, where some of the most prominent collections of Indus-era antiquities in India are displayed.

Read more about LothalArchaeology, History, Civilization, Excavated Lothal, Coastal Trade Route

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Indus Valley Civilization - Mature Harappan - Trade and Transportation
... Further information Lothal and Meluhha The Indus civilization's economy appears to have depended significantly on trade, which was facilitated by major advances in ... canal and what they regard as a docking facility at the coastal city of Lothal in western India (Gujarat state) ... (near Sonmiani) in Pakistan along with Lothal in India testify to their role as Harappan trading outposts ...
Maritime History Of India - Prehistory
... Further information Lothal and Indus Valley Civilization The region around the Indus river began to show visible increase in both the length and the frequency of maritime voyages by 3000 BCE ... near the Badakshan mines and the lapis stones were brought overland to Lothal in Gujarat and shipped to Oman, Bahrain and Mesopotamia ... The world's first dock at Lothal (2400 BCE) was located away from the main current to avoid deposition of silt ...