Lombard Principalities

Some articles on lombard, lombard principalities:

Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor - Reign in Italy - Southern Expansion
... in central and southern Italy had long been the Lombard leader Pandulf Ironhead ... incorporated all three of the southern Lombard principalities - Benevento, Capua, and Salerno - into the Holy Roman Empire ... Pandulf's lands were partitioned among his sons, though further quarrels between the local Lombard princes soon followed ...