Lists of British Inventions - Science

Science

  • Modern atomic theory - Considered the father of modern chemistry, John Dalton's experiments with gases led to the development of what is called the modern atomic theory.
  • Equals sign Robert Recorde, Welshman
  • Cell biology - Credit for the discovery of the first cells is given to Robert Hooke who described the microscopic compartments of cork cells in 1665
  • Compound microscope with 30x magnification - Robert Hooke
  • Universal joint - Robert Hooke
  • Coggeshall slide rule - Henry Coggeshall
  • The Iris diaphragm - Robert Hooke
  • Correct theory of combustion - Robert Hooke
  • Partition chromatography - Richard Laurence Millington Synge and Archer J.P. Martin
  • Arnold Frederic Wilkins - pioneer in the development of Radar
  • Atwood machine used for illustrating the law of uniformly accelerated motion - George Atwood
  • Marine Barometer - Robert Hooke
  • Hooke's Law (equation describing elasticity) - Robert Hooke
  • Electrical generator (dynamo) - Michael Faraday
  • Faraday cage - Michael Faraday
  • Magneto-optical effect - Michael Faraday
  • Calculus - Sir Isaac Newton
  • Infrared radiation - discovery commonly attributed to William Herschel.
  • Holography - First developed by Dennis Gabor in Rugby, England. Improved by Nicholas J. Phillips who made it possible to record multi-colour reflection holograms
  • Discovery of the pion (pi-meson) - Cecil Frank Powell
  • Wheatstone bridge - Samuel Hunter Christie
  • Triple achromatic lens - Peter Dollond
  • Newtonian telescope - Sir Isaac Newton
  • Hawking radiation - Stephen Hawking
  • Demonstrated that electric circuits obey the law of the conservation of energy and that electricity is a form of energy First Law of Thermodynamics. Also the unit of energy, the Joule is named after him - James Prescott Joule
  • Micrometer - Sir William Gascoigne
    • the first bench micrometer that was capable of measuring to one ten thousandth of an inch - Henry Maudslay
  • Sinclair Executive, the world's first small electronic pocket calculator - Sir Clive Sinclair
  • Discovered the element argon - John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh with Scotsman William Ramsay
  • Standard deviation - Francis Galton
  • Slide rule - William Oughtred
  • Synthesis of coumarin, one of the first synthetic perfumes, and cinnamic acid via the Perkin reaction- William Henry Perkin
  • The Law of Gravity - Sir Isaac Newton
  • Newton's laws of motion - Sir Isaac Newton
  • Geological Timescale - Arthur Holmes
  • Electromagnet - William Sturgeon in 1823.
  • Helium - Norman Lockyer
  • Weather map - Sir Francis Galton
  • Introduced the symbol for "is less than" and "is greater than" - Thomas Harriot 1630
  • Introduced the "×" symbol for multiplication as well as the abbreviations "sin" and "cos" for the sine and cosine functions - William Oughtred
  • Dew Point Hygrometer - John Frederic Daniell
  • Periodic Table - John Alexander Reina Newlands
  • Splitting the atom - John Cockcroft and Irish physicist Ernest Walton
  • Seismograph - John Milne
  • Discovery of oxygen gas (O2) - Joseph Priestley
  • Discovery of the Atom(nuclear model of) - Ernest Rutherford
  • Discovery of the Proton - Ernest Rutherford
  • Discovery of the Electron, isotopes and the inventor of the Mass spectrometer - J. J. Thomson
  • Discovery of the Neutron - James Chadwick
  • Discovery of Hydrogen - Henry Cavendish
  • Nuclear transfer - Is a form of cloning first put into practice by Ian Wilmut and Keith Campbell to clone Dolly the Sheep
  • Theory of Evolution - Charles Darwin

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Other articles related to "science":

Vannevar Bush Award
... The National Science Board established the Vannevar Bush Award (/væˈniːvər/ van-NEE-vər) in 1980 to honor Dr ... The annual award recognizes an individual who, through public service activities in science and technology, has made an outstanding "contribution toward the welfare of mankind and the Nation." The recipient of the ... and the force behind the establishment of the National Science Foundation ...
J. Robert Oppenheimer - Final Years
... scientists and academics to establish what would eventually become the World Academy of Art and Science in 1960 ... Manifesto of 1955, nor, though invited, did he attend the first Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs in 1957 ... stressed the difficulty of managing the power of knowledge in a world in which the freedom of science to exchange ideas was more and more hobbled by political concerns ...
Vannevar Bush
... was an American engineer, inventor and science administrator known for his work on analog computers, for his role as an initiator and administrator of the ... of some six thousand leading American scientists in the application of science to warfare ... and public intellectual during World War II, when he was in effect the first presidential science advisor ...
Science and Society - Political Usage
... See also Politicization of science Many issues damage the relationship of science to the media and the use of science and scientific arguments by politicians ... it their only goal to cast doubt on supported science because it conflicts with political agendas ...

Famous quotes containing the word science:

    Where have those flowers and butterflies all gone
    That science may have staked the future on?
    He seems to say the reason why so much
    Should come to nothing must be fairly faced.....
    Robert Frost (1874–1963)

    The motive of science was the extension of man, on all sides, into Nature, till his hands should touch the stars, his eyes see through the earth, his ears understand the language of beast and bird, and the sense of the wind; and, through his sympathy, heaven and earth should talk with him. But that is not our science.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    There is a chasm between knowledge and ignorance which the arches of science can never span.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)