List of Mars Trojan Asteroids

The Mars trojans are a group of objects that share the orbit of the planet Mars around the Sun. They can be found around the two Lagrangian points 60° ahead of and behind Mars. The origin of the Mars trojans is not well understood. One theory suggests that the Mars trojans were captured in its Lagrangian points as the Solar System was forming. However, spectral studies of the Mars trojans indicate this may not be the case. One explanation for this involves asteroids wandering into the Mars Lagrangian points later in the Solar System's formation. This is also questionable considering the very low mass of Mars.

Presently, this group contains seven asteroids confirmed to be stable Mars Trojans by long-term numerical simulations but only three of them are accepted by the Minor Planet Center and there is one candidate:

L4 (leading cloud):

  • 1999 UJ7

L5 (trailing cloud):

  • 5261 Eureka
  • (101429) 1998 VF31
  • 2001 DH47
  • 2007 NS2
  • 2011 SC191
  • 2011 UN63

Candidates

  • 2011 SL25

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