List Of Counties In Hawaii
The five counties of Hawaii on the Hawaiian Islands enjoy somewhat greater status than many counties on the United States mainland. Counties in Hawaii are the only legally constituted government bodies below that of the state. No formal level of government (such as city governments) exists below that of the county in Hawaii. (Even Honolulu is governed as the City and County of Honolulu, a county that covers the entire island of Oahu.) Rhode Island also has five counties, making Delaware the state with the fewest counties, at three. Public education is carried out by the Hawaii State Department of Education (Hawaii does not delegate educational responsibility to local school boards like the other 49 states),, so Hawaiian counties collect property taxes and user fees in order to support road maintenance, community activities, parks (including life guards at beach parks), garbage collection, police (the state police force, called the Hawaii Department of Public Safety, is limited in scope), ambulance, and fire suppression services. All the counties were created in 1905 from unorganized territory, seven years after the Territory of Hawaii was created. The county of Kalawao is used exclusively as a leper colony, and does not have many of the elected officials the other counties do.
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... England had been divided into counties (or shires) since Anglo-Saxon times, and these formed the first basis of representation ... Before 1536 England had 39 counties (see list below), electing 78 knights of the shire ... When Wales was formally annexed to England in 1536, each of the 12 Welsh counties elected one knight of the shire ...
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