**Linear Interpolation Between Two Known Points**

If the two known points are given by the coordinates and, the **linear interpolant** is the straight line between these points. For a value *x* in the interval, the value *y* along the straight line is given from the equation

which can be derived geometrically from the figure on the right. It is a special case of polynomial interpolation with *n* = 1.

Solving this equation for *y*, which is the unknown value at *x*, gives

which is the formula for linear interpolation in the interval . Outside this interval, the formula is identical to linear extrapolation.

This formula can also be understood as a weighted average. The weights are inversely related to the distance from the end points to the unknown point; the closer point has more influence than the farther point. Thus, the weights are and, which are normalized distances between the unknown point and each of the end points.

Read more about this topic: Linear Interpolation

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