Liliaceae

The Liliaceae, or the lily family, are a family of monocotyledons in the order Liliales. Plants in this family have linear leaves, mostly with parallel veins but with several having net venation (e.g., Cardiocrinum, Clintonia, Medeola, Prosartes, Scoliopus, Tricyrtis), and flower arranged in threes. Several have bulbs, while others have rhizomes. Shade-dwelling genera usually have broad, net-veined leaves, fleshy fruits with animal-dispersed seeds, rhizomes, and small, inconspicuous flowers; genera native to sunny habitats usually have narrow, parallel-veined leaves, capsular fruits with wind-dispersed seeds, bulbs, and large, visually conspicuous flowers.

Many plants in the Liliaceae are important ornamental plants, widely grown for their attractive flowers. Many species are poisonous if eaten and may cause serious complications, such as renal failure in household pets, especially cats.

The lily family was formerly a paraphyletic "catch-all" group of petaloid monocots that did not fit into other families. It included a great number of genera now included in other families and in some cases in other orders, including Agavaceae, Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae, Asphodelaceae, Hyacinthaceae, Melanthiaceae, Nartheciaceae, Ruscaceae, Smilacaceae, Tecophilaeaceae, Themidaceae, Tofieldiaceae, and Uvulariaceae, and members of the monocot orders Asparagales, Dioscoreales, and Alismatales. Smilacaceae appears to be the family most closely related to Liliaceae in its modern restricted sense.

The genus Calochortus, which includes the sego and mariposa lilies, and its allied genera are separated into a separate family Calochortaceae in some schemes, while others maintain them as a subfamily of Liliaceae, the Calochortoideae.

It is estimated that the family evolved 58 million years ago during the Early Paleogene.

Read more about Liliaceae:  Genera, Changes in APG III, Gallery

Other articles related to "liliaceae":

ABC Model Of Flower Development - Floral Architecture - Genes Exhibiting Type-B Function
... the perigone of many plants of the Liliaceae family have two nearly identical external petaloid verticils (the tepals) ... In order to explain the floral morphology of the Liliaceae, van Tunen et al ... of homologs of the Antirrhinum genes GLOBOSA and DEFICIENS in a Liliaceae, the tulip Tulipa gesneriana ...
Liliales - Older Classifications
... family Colchicaceae family Corsiaceae family Liliaceae family Luzuriagaceae family Melanthiaceae family Philesiaceae family Rhipogonaceae family Smilacaceae The APG system (1998 ... family Haemodoraceae family Hanguanaceae family Iridaceae family Liliaceae family Philydraceae family Pontederiaceae family Smilacaceae family Stemonaceae family Taccaceae ...
List Of Native Plants Of Palestine (A-B)
... Brassicaceae אליאריה שומית 74 Allium albotunicatum Liliaceae שום לבן-קליפות 75 Allium ampeloprasum Liliaceae שום גבוה 76 ... telephioides Euphorbiaceae שלוחית קירחת 166 Androcymbium palaestinum Liliaceae בצלצייה ארץ-ישראלית 167 Andropogon distachyos Poaceae. 249 Asparagus acutifolius Liliaceae אספרג חד 250 Asparagus aphyllus Liliaceae אספרג החורש 251 Asparagus horridus Liliaceae ...