Latin Conjugation - Tenses of The Imperfective Aspect - Imperfect - Imperfect Indicative

Imperfect Indicative

The imperfect indicative simply expresses an action in the past that was not completed. Portābam can be translated to mean, "I was carrying," "I carried," or "I used to carry".

  • In the indicative, the imperfect employs its tense signs ba and before personal endings are added.
Imperfect active indicative
portāre terrēre petere audīre
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
First person portābam portābāmus terrēbam terrēbāmus petēbam petēbāmus audiēbam audiēbāmus
Second person portābās portābātis terrēbās terrēbātis petēbās petēbātis audiēbās audiēbātis
Third person portābat portābant terrēbat terrēbant petēbat petēbant audiēbat audiēbant

As with the present tense, active personal endings are taken off, and passive personal endings are put in their place. Portābar can be translated as "I was being carried," "I kept being carried," or "I used to be carried".

Imperfect passive indicative
portāre terrēre petere audīre
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
First person portābar portābāmur terrēbar terrēbāmur petēbar petēbāmur audiēbar audiēbāmur
Second person portābāris portābāminī terrēbāris terrēbāminī petēbāris petēbāminī audiēbāris audiēbāminī
Third person portābātur portābantur terrēbātur terrēbantur petēbātur petēbantur audiēbātur audiēbantur

Read more about this topic:  Latin Conjugation, Tenses of The Imperfective Aspect, Imperfect

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