Language proficiency or linguistic proficiency is the ability of an individual to speak or perform in an acquired language. As theories vary among pedagogues as to what constitutes proficiency, there is little consistency as to how different organizations classify it. Additionally, fluency and language competence are generally recognized as being related, but separate controversial subjects. In predominant frameworks in the United States, proficient speakers demonstrate both accuracy and fluency, and use a variety of discourse strategies. Thus, native speakers of a language can be fluent without being considered proficient.
Other articles related to "language proficiency, language, proficiency, languages":
... IELTS - International English Language Testing System iTEP - International Test of English Proficiency TOEFL - Test of English as a Foreign Language TOEIC - Test of English for ...
... Alliance française American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages Association of Language Testers in Europe Foreign service institute Goethe-Institut UCLES UNIcert ...
... asked to participate in tests that make unfair assumptions about their English-language proficiency in order to assess their content knowledge or conversely ... such as accountability, bias, special education testing, language proficiency, and accommodations in formal testing situations” ...
Famous quotes containing the words proficiency and/or language:
“The best chess-player in Christendom may be little more than the best player of chess; but proficiency in whist implies capacity for success in all these more important undertakings where mind struggles with mind.”
—Edgar Allan Poe (18091845)
“...I ... believe that words can help us move or keep us paralyzed, and that our choices of language and verbal tone have somethinga great dealto do with how we live our lives and whom we end up speaking with and hearing; and that we can deflect words, by trivialization, of course, but also by ritualized respect, or we can let them enter our souls and mix with the juices of our minds.”
—Adrienne Rich (b. 1929)