Knee Cartilage Replacement Therapy
Articular cartilage, most notably that which is found in the knee joint, is generally characterized by very low friction, high wear resistance, and poor regenerative qualities. It is responsible for much of the compressive resistance and load bearing qualities of the knee joint and, without it, walking is painful to impossible. Osteoarthritis is a common condition of cartilage failure that can lead to limited range of motion, bone damage and invariably, pain. Due to a combination of acute stress and chronic fatigue, osteoarthritis directly manifests itself in a wearing away of the articular surface and, in extreme cases, bone can be exposed in the joint. Some additional examples of cartilage failure mechanisms include cellular matrix linkage rupture, chondrocyte protein synthesis inhibition, and chondrocyte apoptosis. There are several different repair options available for cartilage damage or failure.
Read more about Knee Cartilage Replacement Therapy: Non-surgical Treatments, Autologous Matrix-induced Chondrogenesis, Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation, Autologous Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation, Microdrilling Augmented With Peripheral Blood Stem Cells, Osteochondral Autograft, Grafting, Joint Replacement
Other articles related to "knee cartilage replacement therapy, knee, cartilage, replacement":
... Total knee replacement is reserved for the most severe and recalcitrant forms of osteoarthritis ... are unlikely to succeed with lesser therapies, the last option to treat defective cartilage is to replace all or part of the joint ... In knee joint replacement, the worn out surfaces of the knee are resurfaced with metal and plastic, replacing the poorly functioning natural joint with new surfaces that slide ...
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