Kirata

Kirata

The Kirāta (Sanskrit: किरात) is a generic term in Sanskrit literature for people who lived in the mountains, particularly in the Himalayas and North-East India and who are postulated to have been Mongoloid in origin. It has been theorized that the word Kirata- or Kirati- means people with lion nature. It is derived from two words Kira (meaning Lion) and Ti (meaning people). The reference of lion as well as them staying in the Himalayan Mountains may suggest their possible relation to the mythical lion-headed tribe called Kimpurusha.

Read more about Kirata:  Historical Mention and Mythology, Modern Scholarship, Religious Beliefs

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Kirata Kingdom
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... The Kiratas (Sanskrit किरात) mentioned in early Sanskrit literature, are hunter tribes from the himalayas ... The Sanskrit kavya titled Kiratarjuniya (Of Arjuna and the Kirata) mentions that Arjuna adopted the name, nationality, and guise of a Kirata for a certain period to learn archery and the use of other arms ... In Yoga Vasistha 1.15.5, Rama speaks of "kirAteneva vAgurA", "a trap by Kiratas", so about 10th century BCE, they were thought of as jungle trappers, the ones who dug pits to capture ...
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