Sir Joseph Cook, GCMG (7 December 1860 – 30 July 1947) was an Australian politician and the sixth Prime Minister of Australia. Born as Joseph Cooke and working in the coal mines of Silverdale, Staffordshire during his early life, he emigrated to Lithgow, New South Wales during the late 1880s, and became General-Secretary of the Western Miners Association in 1887.
A founding member of the Australian Labor Party, Cook was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly as Member for Hartley in 1891. Later Cook switched to the Free Trade Party, and was a minister in the cabinet of Premier George Reid from 1894 to 1899. During Australia's first federal election in 1901, Cook was elected unopposed to the federal seat of Parramatta, and served as the deputy to Reid, then Alfred Deakin, following the creation of the Commonwealth Liberal Party from Cook's and Deakin's parties.
As leader of the Liberal Party, Cook became Prime Minister following the 1913 elections; but he only had a one-seat majority in the lower house and no majority at all in the upper house, so he repeatedly sought to obtain a double dissolution. The outbreak of World War I just before the September 1914 election led to a Labor victory. Following a split in the Labor party in 1916, Cook joined William Morris Hughes' Nationalist Party of Australia, and following the Nationalist victory in the 1917 election, served as Minister for the Navy, then Treasurer under Hughes.
In 1921 Cook resigned from the federal parliament, and was appointed Australian High Commissioner in London. During 1928 and 1929, he headed the Royal Commission into South Australia as affected by Federation. He died in Sydney in 1947.
Other articles related to "joseph cook, cook":
... Parramatta Party Candidate Votes % ±% Anti-Socialist Joseph Cook unopposed Anti-Socialist hold Swing Australian federal election, 1903 Parramatta Party ... federal election, 1901 Parramatta Party Candidate Votes % ±% Free Trade Joseph Cook 5,778 61.3 +61.3 Protectionist William Sandford 3,646 38.7 +38.7 Total formal votes 9,424 99.0 Informal votes 91 1.0 Turnout 9,515 74 ...
1904 1904 Australian Labor Party Vice-President of the Executive Council Chris Watson Joseph Cook 1905 ... Free Trade Party No Portfolio George Reid William Lyne 1905 1908 ...
... Cook was appointed to the Privy Council on 16 July 1914 ... Cook is the only Prime Minister up to Gough Whitlam who does not have a federal electorate named after him ... Although there is a seat called Cook, that was named not after the Prime Minister but after Captain James Cook ...
Famous quotes containing the word cook:
“... cooking is just like religion. Rules dont no more make a cook than sermons make a saint.”
—Anonymous, U.S. cook. As quoted in I Dream a World, by Leah Chase, who was quoted in turn by Brian Lanker (1989)