James Jurin - Medical Practice

Medical Practice

Jurin rose to a position of some eminence in medicine and science. He is described as "witty, satirical, ambitious, and professionally and financially successful". He was a powerful advocate of the smallpox variolation, a procedure involving scratching pus or material from the scabs of smallpox sores into the veins of a non-immune person to create a mild case of the disease that would confer lifelong immunity. Jurin used an early statistical study to compare the risks of variolation with those from contracting the disease naturally. He studied mortality statistics for London for the fourteen years prior to 1723 and concluded that one fourteenth of the population had died from smallpox, up to 40 percent during epidemics. He advertised in the Proceedings of the Royal Society for readers to report their personal and professional experiences and received over sixty replies, most from other physicians or surgeons but most significantly from Thomas Nettleton who reported his own calculations from his experience in several communities in Yorkshire. Jurin's analysis concluded that the probability of death from variolation was roughly 1 in 50, while the probability of death from naturally contracted smallpox was 1 in 7 or 8. He published his results in a series of annual pamphlets, An Account of the Success of Inoculating the Small-Pox (1723–1727). His work was very influential in establishing smallpox variolation in England some seventy years before Edward Jenner introduced the more effective method of "vaccination" using cowpox material in place of human smallpox. Jurin claimed that he had given "plain Proof from Experience and Matters of Fact that the Small Pox procured by inoculation ... is far less Dangerous than the same Distemper has been for many Years in the Natural Way."

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Other articles related to "practice, medical practice, practice of medicine, medical practitioner, medical":

George Starkey - Career
... became increasingly occupied with the practice of medicine ... His medical practice appears to have been highly successful, which included iatrochemistry ... Despite his flourishing practice, Starkey decided England could provide better access to the tools required by an alchemist, which prompted him to sail for London with his wife in November 1650 ...
Medical Practice

A medical practice or practice of medicine is the practice of medicine, as performed by a medical practitioner—a physician. Typically, practising medicine involves giving a diagnosis and prescribing a treatment for medical condition.

In developed countries, only qualified persons—those with the appropriate licensure, certification, or registration with a relevant body, often governmental—are legally permitted to practice medicine. Such licensure usually requires a medical degree, such as the Doctor of Medicine or the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine. Use of terms and titles such as "Medical Practitioner," and the representations of oneself as a physician, is often protected by the law. For example, in the United States, unauthorized practice of medicine, like unauthorized practice of law, is a crime.

The term medical practitioner implies the ability to practice medicine independently of supervision. The term health care professional (or health care provider), by contrast, is a much broader term including professionals who practice independently under an alternate profession, such as nurses, or who practice medicine under the supervision of a physician, such as physician assistants.

Often certain privileges are granted only to medical practitioners. For example, in the United Kingdom, the General Medical Council (GMC) is legally obliged to maintain a Principal List of Registered Medical Practitioners, and only Registered Medical Practitioners have the authority to sign death certificates, cremation forms, do not resuscitate orders and drug prescriptions. The medical practitioner is the person who is ultimately responsible for care of the patient.

In today's modern world patients are taking an ever increasing interest in their health management and are making their own decisions regarding treatment options. They are making full use of on line information readily available to them regarding physicians and their clinical expertise.

There are various publications and internet sites available to both physicians who wish to refer patients and also to the general public wishing to access specialist physicians.

M. C. Burton, Jr. - Medical Practice
... Burton ended his semi-pro basketball career and opened a medical practice in Grand Rapids, Michigan, specializing in obstetrics, gynecology and infertility ... Burton currently works at the Phoenix Indian Medical Center in Phoenix, Arizona as director of the ambulatory surgical center ... He also maintains a practice in obstetrics and gynecology in Phoenix ...
Luke P. Blackburn - Early Life and Family
... At age sixteen, he began a medical apprenticeship under his uncle, physician Churchill Blackburn ... in Lexington, Kentucky, where he earned a medical degree in March 1835 ... After graduation, he opened a medical practice in Lexington and was instrumental in combating a cholera epidemic in nearby Versailles ...

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