Jam Nizamuddin II - History

History

Jám Nizámuddín Shah was elected to the throne of the Kingdom by joint councils of wise and pious men of Thatta, as well as of the military on the 25th of Rabi' al-awwal, 866 (A. D. 1461), after the death of his father Jam Sanjar.

Shortly after his accession he went with a large force to Bukkur, where he spent about a year, fighting Baloch tribes. He strengthened the fort of Bukkur and left the place in charge of his house-born slave Dilshád, after returning to the capital.

For a period of forty-eight years he reigned at Tatta with absolute power. He was considered a wise an just ruler under whom madrasahs and mosques flourished, while the people enjoyed a long period of peace and prosperity. Travellers could pass throughout Sindh without harm to their person or property. The people followed strict Muslim rules. Congregations assembled in the Mosques: no one was willing to say his prayers alone. The rise of Thatta as an important commercial and cultural center was directly related to his patronage and policies. The period contributed significantly to the evolution of a prevailing architectural style that can be classified as early Sindhi-Islamic.

In the last part of Jám Nindó’s reign, after 1490 CE, a Mughul army under Shah Beg Arghun came from Kandahar and attacked many villages of Chundooha and Sideejuh, invading the towns of Ágrí, Ohándukah, Sibi Sindichah and Kót Máchián. Jám Nindó sent a large army under his Vazier and adopted son Darya Khan, which, arriving at the village known by the name of Duruh-i-Kureeb, also known as Joolow Geer or Halúkhar near Sibi, defeated the Mughuls in a pitched battle. According to other sources, this battle took place at Jalwakhir near Bibi Nani in the Bolan pass. Sháh Beg Arghun’s brother Abú Muhammad Mirzá was killed in battle, and the Mughuls fled back to Kandahár, never to return during the reign of Jám Nizámuddín. Soon thereafter, Jám Nizámuddín died after a long reign of 48 years.

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