The Italian Social Movement (MSI), and later the Italian Social Movement–National Right (Italian: Movimento Sociale Italiano–Destra Nazionale, MSI–DN), was a neo-fascist and post-fascist political party in Italy. Formed in 1946 by supporters of former Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, and especially of the experience of the Italian Social Republic, the party became the fourth largest party in Italy by the early 1960s. The MSI gave informal local and eventually national support to the Christian Democrats from the late 1940s and through the 1950s. In the early 1960s, the party was pushed to the sidelines of Italian politics, and only gradually started to gain some political recognition in the 1980s.
The party saw internal competition between its moderate and radical factions. The radicals led the party in its formative years under Giorgio Almirante, while the moderates gained control in the 1950s and 1960s. Almirante's return as leader in 1969 was characheterised by a broadening policy. Finally, in 1987, the reins of the party were taken by Gianfranco Fini, under whom it underwent significant changes. The party was eventually transformed into National Alliance (AN) in 1995. In that occasion just a small minority disagreed with the new course and formed Tricolour Flame instead.
... Federal social insurance taxes are imposed equally on employers and employees, consisting of a tax of 6.2% of wages up to an annual wage maximum ($106,800 in 2010) for Social Security plus a tax of 1.45 ...
... is far in advance of that in the outside world because of their practice of scientific social planning and use of operant conditioning in the raising of children ... like Thoreau's Walden, champions a lifestyle that does not support war or foster competition and social strife ... a lifestyle of minimal consumption, rich social relationships, personal happiness, satisfying work and leisure ...
... in a number of disparate rightist groups, merging the MSI with the Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity, readmitting the hard-line splinter group Ordine Nuovo, and adding establishment figures such ... right towards an accommodation with the Italian Communist Party ...
... ideology "identifies a unitary object that incorporates complex sets of meanings with the social agents and processes that produced them ... 'episteme' is too narrow and abstract, not social enough ... of its contradictions, 'ideology' still plays a key role in semiotics oriented to social, political life" ...
... Social epistemology is a broad set of approaches to the study of knowledge, all of which construe human knowledge as a collective achievement ... Another way of positioning social epistemology is as the study of the social dimensions of knowledge ... the enduring difficulties with defining social epistemology is defining what knowledge means in this context ...
Famous quotes containing the words movement, italian and/or social:
“What had really caused the womens movement was the additional years of human life. At the turn of the century womens life expectancy was forty-six; now it was nearly eighty. Our groping sense that we couldnt live all those years in terms of motherhood alone was the problem that had no name. Realizing that it was not some freakish personal fault but our common problem as women had enabled us to take the first steps to change our lives.”
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A hundredfold, who, having learnt thy way,
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Im a genuine philanthropistall other kinds are sham.
Each little fault of temper and each social defect
In my erring fellow creatures, I endeavor to correct.”
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