Isotopes of Osmium

Isotopes Of Osmium

Osmium (Os) has seven naturally occurring isotopes, 6 of which are stable: 184Os, 187Os, 188Os, 189Os, 190Os, and (most abundant) 192Os. The other one, 186Os, has an extremely long half-life (2×1015 years) and for practical purposes can be considered to be stable as well. 187Os is the daughter of 187Re (half-life 4.56×1010 years) and is most often measured in an 187Os/188Os ratio. This ratio, as well as the 187Re/187Os ratio, have been used extensively in dating terrestrial as well as meteoric rocks. It has also been used to measure the intensity of continental weathering over geologic time and to fix minimum ages for stabilization of the mantle roots of continental cratons. However, the most notable application of Os in dating has been in conjunction with iridium, to analyze the layer of shocked quartz along the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary that marks the extinction of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.

There are also 29 artificial radioisotopes, the longest-lived of which is 194Os with a half-life of 6 years, all others have half-lives under 94 days. There are also 9 known nuclear isomers, the longest-lived of which is 191mOs with a half-life of 13.10 hours.

Standard atomic mass: 190.23(3) u

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Isotopes Of Osmium - Table
... nuclide symbol Z(p) N(n) isotopic mass (u) half-life decay mode(s) daughter isotope(s) nuclear spin representative isotopic composition (mole fraction) range of natural variation (mole ...