Islamic Philosophy - Later Islamic Philosophy

Later Islamic Philosophy

The death of Ibn Rushd (Averro√ęs) effectively marks the end of a particular discipline of Islamic philosophy usually called the Peripatetic Arabic School, and philosophical activity declined significantly in western Islamic countries, namely in Islamic Spain and North Africa, though it persisted for much longer in the Eastern countries, in particular Iran and India. Contrary to the traditional view, Dimitri Gutas and the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy consider the period between the 11th and 14th centuries to be the true "Golden Age" of Arabic and Islamic philosophy, initiated by Al-Ghazali's successful integration of logic into the Madrasah curriculum and the subsequent rise of Avicennism.

Since the political power shift in Western Europe (Spain and Portugal) from Muslim to Christian control, the Muslims naturally did not practice philosophy in Western Europe. This also led to some loss of contact between the 'west' and the 'east' of the Islamic world. Muslims in the 'east' continued to do philosophy, as is evident from the works of Ottoman scholars and especially those living in Muslim kingdoms within the territories of present day Iran and India, such as Shah Waliullah and Ahmad Sirhindi. This fact has escaped most pre-modern historians of Islamic (or Arabic) philosophy. In addition, logic has continued to be taught in religious seminaries up to modern times.

After Ibn Rushd, there arose many later schools of Islamic Philosophy. We can mention just a few, such as the those founded by Ibn Arabi and Mulla Sadra. These new schools are of particular importance, as they are still active in the Islamic world. The most important among them are:

  • School of Illumination (Hikmat al-Ishraq)
  • Transcendent Theosophy (Hikmat Muta'aliah)
  • Sufi philosophy
  • Traditionalist School

Read more about this topic:  Islamic Philosophy

Other articles related to "islamic, later islamic philosophy, islamic philosophy, philosophy":

Tawhid
... Muslims believe that the entirety of the Islamic teaching rests on the principle of Tawhid ... There is an uncompromising monotheism at the heart of the Islamic beliefs which distinguishes Islam from other major religions ... Islamic intellectual history can be understood as a gradual unfolding of the manner in which successive generations of believers have understood the meaning and implications of ...
Yusuf Mohammed Siad
... Before he became a minister he was an islamist member of the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) in Somalia ... He later allied himself with the Islamic Courts ... The Islamic Courts advanced to central and south Somalia regions, including the Kismayo area, before Inda'ade pledged his support, giving them control of ...
Ethics In Religion - Islamic Ethics
... Main article Islamic ethics The foundational source in the gradual codification of Islamic ethics was the Muslim understanding and interpretations of the mankind has been granted the ... the focus on materialism, according to the Islamic texts, hampers with the innate reflection as described above, resulting in a state of jahiliyya or "ignorance." Muslims believe that Muhammad, like other ... was directed against five main characteristics of pre-Islamic Arabia The division of Arabs into varying tribes (based upon blood and kinship) ...
Islamic Human Rights Commission
... The Islamic Human Rights Commission (IHRC) is a non-profit organisation based in London ... It has been criticised for its silence about the treatment of Muslims in Islamic states, and for failing to live up to its stated mandate ...
Later Islamic Philosophy - Contemporary Islamic Philosophy
... The tradition of Islamic Philosophy is still very much alive today despite the belief in many Western circles that this tradition ceased after the golden ages of Suhrawardi's Hikmat al-Ishraq (Illumi ... Another unavoidable name is Allama Muhammad Iqbal who reshaped and revitalized Islamic philosophy amongst the Muslims of the Indian sub-continent in the early 20th century ... Thought in Islam is a milestone in the modern political philosophy of Islam ...

Famous quotes containing the word philosophy:

    Only a philosophy of eternity, in the world today, could justify non-violence.
    Albert Camus (1913–1960)