Iranian Cultural Revolution
The Cultural Revolution (1980–1987) (in Persian: انقلاب فرهنگی) was a period following the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran where the academia of Iran was purged of Western and non-Islamic influences to bring it in line with Shia Islam. The official name used by the Islamic Republic is "Cultural Revolution."
Directed by the Cultural Revolutionary Headquarters and later by the Supreme Cultural Revolution Council, the revolution initially closed universities for three years (1980–1983) and after reopening banned many books and purged thousands of students and lecturers from the schools. The cultural revolution involved a certain amount of violence in taking over the university campuses since higher education in Iran at the time was dominated by leftists forces opposed to Ayatollah Khomeini's vision of theocracy, and they (unsuccessfully) resisted Khomeiniist control at many universities. How many students or faculty were killed is not known.
The process of purification of the education system of foreign influences has not been without sacrifice. In addition to interrupting the education and professional livelihood of many, and striking "a major blow to Iran's cultural and intellectual life and achievement", it contributed to the emigration of many teachers and technocrats. The loss of job skills and capital has weakened Iran's economy.
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... The Cultural Council has 33 members, most of whom hold other government posts as well ... Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Seyed Mahmood Hashemi Shahroodee Gholam Ali Hadad Adel Mohammad Reza Mokhber Dezfoolee Mohammad Ali Kaynejad Ahmad Masjid Jamei Ja’far Tovfighee Darban Masood Pezeshkian Morteza Hajee Hamid Reza Baradaran Shraka Seyed Ezatolah Zarghamee Seyed Mehdee Khamooshee Mohsen Ghomee Ali Montazeree Moghaddam Moneereh Nobakht Abdolah JA’far Ali Jasbee Emad Afroogh Ali Abbaspoor Tehranee Omidvar Meerghaed Ahmad Jannati Ali Lareejanee Ali Akbar rashad Ahmad Ahmadi Ali Reza Sadr Hoseinee Hasan Ebrahim Habeebee Ali Akbar Velayatee Iraj Fazel Ali Shariatmadari Hasan Rahimpour Azghadee Mehdee Golshanee Mir-Hossein Mousavi Khameneh Mohammad Reza Aref Sadegh Vaez-zadeh At the end of 2009, Mir Hossein Mousavi was fired from his post as the head of the Academy of Arts ...
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