Hung Ga

Hung Ga

Hung Ga 洪家, Hung Kuen 洪拳, or Hung Ga Kuen 洪家拳 is a southern Chinese martial art associated with the Chinese folk hero Wong Fei Hung, who was a master of Hung Ga.

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Chinese martial arts
List of Chinese martial arts
  • Kung fu (功夫)
  • Wushu (武術)
  • Qigong (氣功)
Historical places
  • Shaolin Monastery (少林寺)
  • Wudang Mountains (武當山)
  • Mount Hua (華山)
  • Mount Emei (峨嵋山)
  • Kunlun Mountains (崑崙山)
Historical people
  • Yue Fei (岳飛)
  • Yim Wing-chun (嚴詠春)
  • Hung Hei-gun (洪熙官)
  • Fong Sai-yuk (方世玉)
  • Dong Haichuan (董海川)
  • Yang Lu-ch'an (楊露禪)
  • Wu Quanyou (吳全佑)
  • Ten Tigers of Canton (廣東十虎)
  • Chen Fake (陳發科)
  • Chan Heung (陳享)
  • Wong Fei-hung (黃飛鴻)
  • Sun Lu-t'ang (孫祿堂)
  • Huo Yuanjia (霍元甲)
  • Yip Man (葉問)
  • Wang Zi-Ping (王子平)
Famous modern actors
  • Bruce Lee (李小龍)
  • Sammo Hung (洪金寶)
  • Jackie Chan (成龍)
  • Jet Li (李連杰)
  • Donnie Yen (甄子丹)
  • Vincent Zhao (趙文卓)
Legendary figures
  • Bodhidharma (菩提達摩)
  • Zhang Sanfeng (張三丰)
  • Eight immortals (八仙)
  • Five Elders (五祖)
  • Hong Kong action cinema
  • Wushu (sport)
  • Wuxia (武俠)

According to legend, Hung Gar was named after Hung Hei-Gun, who learned martial arts from Jee Sin, a Chan master at the Southern Shaolin Temple. Jee Sin (ak Gee Sum Sim See) was also the master of following 4 students, namely Choy Gau Lee, Mok Da Si, Lau Sam-Ngan and Li Yao San. These five students later became the famous founders of five of the southern shaolin styles (Hung Ga, Choy Gar, Mok Gar, Li Gar and Lau Gar).

The temple where they trained had become a refuge for opponents of the Qing Dynasty, who used it as a base for their activities, and was soon destroyed by Qing forces. Hung, a tea merchant by trade, eventually left his home in Fujian for Guangdong, bringing the art with him.

Even though Hung Ga is supposedly named after Hung Hei Gun, the predominant Wong Fei Hung lineage of Hung Ga claims descent not from him but from his classmate Luk Ah Choi (陸阿采), who taught Wong Fei Hung's father Wong Kei-Ying and, by some accounts, Wong Taai (黃泰), who is variously said to be Wong Kei Ying's father or his uncle. Because the history of the Chinese martial arts was historically transmitted orally rather than by text, much of the early history of Hung Ga will probably never be either clarified or corroborated by written documentation.

Because the character "hung" (洪) was used in the reign name of the emperor who overthrew the Mongol Yuan Dynasty to establish the Han Chinese Ming Dynasty, opponents of the Manchu Qing Dynasty made frequent use of the character in their imagery. (Ironically, Luk Ah-Choi was the son of a Manchu stationed in Guangdong.) Hung Hei-Gun is itself an assumed name intended to honor that first Ming Emperor. Anti-Qing rebels named the most far reaching of the secret societies they formed the "Hung Mun" (洪門).

The Hung Mun claimed to be founded by survivors of the destruction of the Shaolin Temple, and the martial arts its members practiced came to be called "Hung Ga" and "Hung Kuen."

The hallmarks of the Wong Fei-Hung lineage of Hung Ga are deep low stances, notably its "sei ping ma" horse stance, and strong hand techniques, notably the bridge hand and the versatile tiger claw. The student traditionally spends anywhere from months to three years in stance training, often sitting only in horse stance between a half-hour to several hours at one time, before learning any forms. Each form then might take a year or so to learn, with weapons learned last. However, in modernity, this mode of instruction is deemed economically unfeasible and impractical for students, who have other concerns beyond practicing kung fu. Some instructors though will stick mainly to traditional guidelines and make stance training the majority of their beginner training. Hung Ga is sometimes mis-characterized as solely external; that is, reliant on brute physical force rather than the cultivation of qi; even though the student advances progressively towards an internal focus.

Read more about Hung Ga:  The Hung Ga Curriculum of Wong Fei-Hung, Branches of Hung Kuen, The Dissemination of Hung Kuen

Other articles related to "hung ga, hung, ga":

Hung Ga - The Dissemination of Hung Kuen
... The dissemination of Hung Kuen in Southern China, and its Guangdong and Fujian Provinces in particular, is due to the concentration of anti-Qing ... The Hung Mun began life in the 1760s as the Heaven and Earth Society, whose founders came from the prefecture of Zhangzhou in Fujian Province, on its border with Guangdong ... Guangdong and Fujian remained a stronghold of sympathizers and recruits for the Hung Mun even as it spread elsewhere in the decades that followed ...
Fut Gar
... Fut Ga or Buddhist Style is a relatively modern Southern Shaolin style of Kung Fu devised primarily from the combination of Hung Ga 洪家 and Choi Ga ... The words "Fut Ga" literally translate to "Buddha Family" ... The word "Ga" in Cantonese means family ...

Famous quotes containing the word hung:

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    Jane Grey Swisshelm, U.S. newspaperwoman, abolitionist, and human rights activist. Half a Century, ch. 8 (1880)