HMS Avenger (D14)

HMS Avenger (D14)

Coordinates: 36°15′N 07°45′W / 36.25°N 7.75°W / 36.25; -7.75


HMS Avenger with Sea Hurricanes on deck
Career
Class and type: Avenger class escort carrier
Name: HMS Avenger
Builder: Sun Shipbuilding
Laid down: 28 November 1939
Launched: 27 November 1940
Commissioned: 2 March 1942
In service: 1942
Homeport: HMNB Clyde
Fate: Sunk by U-155 off Gibraltar on 15 November 1942
General characteristics
Type: Escort carrier
Displacement: 8,200 long tons (8,300 t) (normal)
9,000 long tons (9,100 t) (deep load)
Length: 492.25 ft (150.04 m)
Beam: 66.25 ft (20.19 m)
Height: 23.25 ft (7.09 m)
Propulsion: 1 shaft, 4 diesel engines giving 8,500 bhp (6,300 kW)
Speed: 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph)
Complement: 555
Armament: 3 × QF 4 inch Mk XVI naval gun
15 × Oerlikon 20 mm cannon on single and twin mounts
Aircraft carried: 15 a mixture of
Fairey Swordfish
Hawker Sea Hurricane
Aviation facilities: Hangar 190 ft (58 m) by 47 ft (14 m)
Lift 42 feet (13 m) by 34 feet (10 m)
9 arrester wires

HMS Avenger was a Royal Navy escort aircraft carrier during the Second World War. In 1939 she was laid down as the merchant ship Rio-Hudson at the Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Company yard in Chester, Pennsylvania. Launched on 27 November 1940, she was converted to an escort carrier and transferred under the lend lease agreement to the Royal Navy. She was commissioned on 2 March 1942.

Avenger's capacity allowed for a maximum of 15 aircraft. In September 1942, she took part in what was the largest and most successful Russian convoy to date. Upon her return home, after observing a number of design faults, Avenger's captain drew up recommendations for future escort carrier design. In November 1942 she took part in Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of North Africa, where she suffered engine problems. While leaving North Africa to start the journey home Avenger was sunk by the U-155 as she was nearing Gibraltar, with a heavy loss of life among her crew.

Read more about HMS Avenger (D14):  Design and Description, Service History

Other articles related to "hms, avenger":

HMS Avenger (D14) - Service History - Operation Torch
... HMSAvenger, HMSBiter, and HMSVictorious left Scapa for Greenock on 16 October 1942 ... Avengerstill had the two Sea Hurricane squadrons on board, with two new aircraft armed with 20 mm cannon ... Avengerwas tasked with providing air cover for one of the convoys carrying the British assault force for Operation Torch ...

Famous quotes containing the word avenger:

    I must not only punish, but punish with impunity. A wrong is unredressed when retribution overtakes its redresser. It is equally unredressed when the avenger fails to make himself felt as such to him who has done the wrong.
    Edgar Allan Poe (1809–1849)