History of Optics

History Of Optics

Optics began with the development of lenses by the ancient Egyptians and Mesopotamians, followed by theories on light and vision developed by ancient Greek and Indian philosophers, and the development of geometrical optics in the Greco-Roman world. The word optics is derived from the Greek term τα ὀπτικά which refers to matters of vision. Optics was significantly reformed by the developments in the medieval Islamic world, such as the beginnings of physical and physiological optics, and then significantly advanced in early modern Europe, where diffractive optics began. These earlier studies on optics are now known as "classical optics". The term "modern optics" refers to areas of optical research that largely developed in the 20th century, such as wave optics and quantum optics.

Read more about History Of Optics:  Early History of Optics, Optics and Vision in The Islamic World, Optics in Medieval Europe, Renaissance and Early Modern Optics, Lenses and Lensmaking, Quantum Optics

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History Of Optics - Quantum Optics
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