Hindu Views On Evolution

Hindu Views On Evolution

Hinduism includes a range of viewpoints about the origin of life, creationism and evolution.

Rigveda, the earliest Hindu text mentions the Hiranyagarbha ("golden embryo") as the source of the creation of the Universe, similar to the world egg motif found in the creation myths of many other civilizations. It also contains a myth of the proto-Indo-European origin, in which the creation arises out of the dismemberment of a cosmic being (the Purusha) who is sacrificed by the gods. As for the creation of the primordial beings themselves, the Nasadiya Sukta of Rigveda takes a near-agnostic stand: "The Gods are later than this world's production. Who knows then whence it first came into being?" The later Hindu texts greatly expand this creation myth and contain different, sometimes contradictory, accounts of the world's creation. In the classical Puranic texts, the creator god Brahma is described as performing the act of 'creation', or more specifically of 'propagating life within the universe'. Some texts consider him equivalent to the Hiranyagarbha or the Purusha, while others state that he arose out of these. Brahma is a part of the trinity of gods that also includes Vishnu and Shiva, who are responsible for 'preservation' and 'destruction' (of the universe) respectively.

Many Hindu texts mention the cycle of creation and destricution. The Shatapatha Brahmana (dated earlier than 300 BCE) states that the current human generation descends from Manu, the only man who survived a great deluge after being warned by the God. This legend is comparable to the other flood legends, such as the story of the Noah's Ark mentioned in the Bible and the Quran.

Some Hindu schools do not regard the scriptural creation myth as a literal truth, and often the creation stories themselves do not go into specific detail, thus leaving open the possibility of incorporating at least some theories in support of evolution. Some Hindus find support for, or foreshadowing of evolutionary ideas in scriptures, namely the Vedas.

In India, Most Hindus accept the theory of biological evolution. In a survey, 77% of respondents in India agreed that enough scientific evidence exists to support Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution, and 88% of God-believing people said they believe in evolution as well. According to the survey conducted by Pew Forum in the United States, 80% of Hindus agree that evolution is the best explanation for the origin of human life on earth.

Read more about Hindu Views On Evolution:  Hindu Creationism, Attempts To Reconcile Evolution, ISKCON and Evolution, Hindu Opposition To Christian Creationism

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Hindu Views On Evolution - Hindu Opposition To Christian Creationism
... While the Creation-evolution controversy has seen much debate in the US and other countries, it has not been a significant issue in India, with its majority-Hindu population ... Hindus are among many faiths that have expressed apprehension about efforts to teach Christian creationism in public schools in the US ...

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