High Cross

A high cross or standing cross (Irish: cros ard / ardchros, Scottish Gaelic: crois àrd / àrd-chrois, Welsh: croes uchel / croes eglwysig) is a free-standing Christian cross made of stone and often richly decorated. There was a unique Early Medieval tradition in Ireland and Britain of raising large sculpted stone crosses, usually outdoors. These probably developed from earlier traditions using wood, perhaps with metalwork attachments, and earlier pagan Celtic memorial stones; the Pictish stones of Scotland may also have influenced the form. The earliest surviving examples seem to come from the territory of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria, which had been converted to Christianity by Irish missionaries; it remains unclear whether the form first developed in Ireland or Britain.

The crosses often, though not always, feature a stone ring around the intersection, forming a Celtic cross; this seems clearly an innovation of Celtic Christianity, perhaps at Iona. The term "high cross" is mainly used in Ireland and Scotland, but the tradition across the whole of the British Isles, is essentially a single phenomenon, though there are certainly strong regional variations. Some crosses were erected just outside churches and monasteries; others at sites that may have marked boundaries or crossroads, or preceded churches. Whether they were used as "preaching crosses" at early dates is unclear, and many crosses have been moved to their present locations.

Read more about High Cross:  Ireland and Britain, Scandinavia, Notable Crosses, Modern Period, Gallery

Other articles related to "high cross, high, cross":

Berkeley Square, Bristol - High Cross
... The statue in the gardens is a replica of the Bristol High Cross which was erected in the city in 1373 honouring various British monarchs, and moved to College Green in 1733 ...
Muiredach's High Cross
... Muiredach's High Cross is a high cross from the 10th or possibly 9th century, located at the ruined monastic site of Monasterboice, County Louth, Ireland ... There are two other high crosses at Monasterboice in local terms Muiredach's cross is also known as the South Cross ... Muiredach's cross has been described as the most beautiful specimen of Celtic stonework now in existence and the crosses at Monasterboice have been stated to be Ireland's greatest contribution to ...
St Mary's Cathedral, Tuam - Present Cathedral
... end of the cathedral is a portion of an ancient Irish Cross ... It also contains the High Cross of Tuam, a national monument which was moved to its present site in 1992, and a significant part of the 14th-century cathedral ... In the south aisle, the ornamented shaft of another high cross dating from the late 12th century survives, while the choir stalls are Italian baroque and date from about ...
High Cross, Hampshire
51.03422°N 0.98532°W / 51.03422 -0.98532 High Cross High Cross OS grid reference SU712265 Civil parish Froxfield District East Hampshire Shire county Hampshire Region South East Country England ...
Wire - Varieties
... same as RFH-1 RFHH-2 (LS) Limited Smoke Flame Retardant, Heat Resistant Cross linked synthetic polymer insulated fixture wire ... and cross linked synthetic polymer without jacket ... Outer jacket of high quality rubber or modern Thermoset ...

Famous quotes containing the words cross and/or high:

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