Hematology, also spelled haematology (from the Greek αἷμα haima "blood" and -λoγία), is the study of blood, the blood-forming organs, and blood diseases. Hematology includes the study of etiology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and prevention of blood diseases that affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin, blood proteins, and the mechanism of coagulation. The laboratory work that goes into the study of blood is frequently performed by a medical technologist. Hematologists also conduct studies in oncology—the medical treatment of cancer.

Physicians specialized in hematology are known as hematologists or haematologists. Their routine work mainly includes the care and treatment of patients with hematological diseases, although some may also work at the hematology laboratory viewing blood films and bone marrow slides under the microscope, interpreting various hematological test results. In some institutions, hematologists also manage the hematology laboratory. Physicians who work in hematology laboratories, and most commonly manage them, are pathologists specialized in the diagnosis of hematological diseases, referred to as hematopathologists. Hematologists and hematopathologists generally work in conjunction to formulate a diagnosis and deliver the most appropriate therapy if needed. Hematology is a distinct subspecialty of internal medicine, separate from but overlapping with the subspecialty of medical oncology. Hematologists may specialize further or have special interests, for example, in:

  • treating bleeding disorders such as hemophilia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • treating hematological malignacies such as lymphoma and leukemia
  • treating hemoglobinopathies
  • in the science of blood transfusion and the work of a blood bank
  • in bone marrow and stem cell transplantation

Read more about HematologyHematology As Basic Medical Science, Treatments, Alphabetical Lists

Other articles related to "hematology":

Arthur W. Nienhuis
... Jude, Nienhuis was Chief of the Clinical Hematology Branch and Deputy Clinical Director at the National Institutes of Health’s Heart, Lung and Blood Institute ... That same year, he was awarded the Stratton Medal by the American Society of Hematology, one of the society’s highest honors for an outstanding body of work ...
American Society Of Hematology - ASH Annual Meeting
... the world to discuss critical issues in hematology ... Plenary symposia and named lectures on specialized areas of hematology are also presented throughout the meeting program ... making the ASH Annual Meeting a premiere forum for hematology ...
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American Society Of Hematology
... The American Society of Hematology (ASH) is a professional organization representing hematologists ... one of the most cited peer-review publications in hematology ... an important member in the development of hematology as a discipline ...