Heian Period - Events

Events

  • 784: Emperor Kammu moves the capital to Nagaoka-kyō (Kyōto)
  • 794: Emperor Kammu moves the capital to Heian-kyō (Kyōto)
  • 804: The Buddhist monk Saichō (Dengyo Daishi) introduces the Tendai school
  • 806: The monk Kūkai (Kōbō-Daishi) introduces the Shingon (Tantric) school
  • 819: Kūkai founds the monastery of Mount Kōya, in the northeast portion of modern day Wakayama Prefecture
  • 858: Emperor Seiwa begins the rule of the Fujiwara clan
  • 895: Sugawara Michizane halted the imperial embassies to China
  • 990: Sei Shōnagon writes the Pillow Book essays
  • 1000-1008: Murasaki Shikibu writes The Tale of Genji novel
  • 1050: Rise of the military class (samurai)
  • 1053: The Byōdō-in temple (near Kyōto) is inaugurated by emperor Fujiwara Yorimichi
  • 1068: Emperor Go-Sanjo overthrows the Fujiwara clan
  • 1087: Emperor Shirakawa abdicates and becomes a Buddhist monk, the first of the "cloistered emperors" (insei)
  • 1156: Taira Kiyomori defeats the Minamoto clan and seizes power, thereby ending the "insei" era
  • 1180 (June): Emperor Antoku moves the capital to Fukuhara-kyō (Kobe)
  • 1180 (November): Emperor Antoku moves the capital to Heian-kyō (Kyōto)
  • 1185: Taira is defeated (Gempei War) and Minamoto Yoritomo with the support (backing) of the Hōjō clan seizes power, becoming the first shogun of Japan, while the emperor (or "mikado") becomes a figurehead
  • 1191: Rinzai Zen Buddhism is introduced in Japan by the monk Eisai of Kamakura and becomes popular among the samurai, the leading class in Japanese society

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