Hauran

Hauran, (Arabic: حوران‎ / ALA-LC: Ḥawrān), also spelled Hawran or Houran, is a volcanic plateau, a geographic area and a people located in southwestern Syria and extending into the northwestern corner of Jordan. It gets its name from the Aramaic Hawran, meaning "cave land." In geographic and geomorphic terms, its boundaries generally extends from near Damascus and Mt. Hermon in the north to the Ajloun mountains of Jordan in the south. The area includes the Golan Heights on the west and is bounded there by the Jordan Rift Valley; it also includes Jabal ad-Duruz in the east and is bounded there by more arid steppe and desert terrains. The Yarmouk River drains much of the Hauran to the west and is the largest tributary of the Jordan River.

The volcanic soils of Hauran make it one of the most fertile regions in Syria; it produces considerable wheat and is particularly famous for its vineyards. The region receives above-average annual precipitation but has few rivers. Hauran relies mainly on annual snow and rain during winter and spring and many of the ancient sites contain cisterns and water storage facilities to better utilize the seasonal rainfall. The area is unlike other historical fertile areas of Syria, (the Orontes and the Euphrates river valleys), which rely on controlled irrigation systems for their farming productivity. Since the mid 1980s, Syria has built a considerable number of seasonal storage dams within the headwaters of the Yarmouk River drainage basin.

Read more about HauranHistory, Major Cities, Villages, Roman Bridges, Famous Figures From Houran, Gallery

Other articles related to "hauran":

Manya Shochat - Biography - In Palestine
... was finding a solution for the problem in Hauran ... Manya laid aside the Hauran project, and put her efforts towards fundraising ... She returned to Palestine in 1906 to further pursue her Hauran plan ...
Levantine Arabic - Grammar - Morphology - Personal Pronouns
... هو huwe (Syrian, Lebanese), hu (rural Palestinian, Hauran), hu (as short, unstressed form) 3 p ... hiye (Syrian, Lebanese), hi (rural Palestinian, Hauran), hi (as short, unstressed form) 1 p ... (West Bank, Gaza, Jaffa, Jordan, Syrian Hauran), 'nɪħne (Nablus Samaritans) 2 p ...
Druze - History - Rebellion in Hauran
... The Hauran rebellion was a violent Druze uprising against Ottoman authority in the Syrian province, which erupted in 1909 ... suppression of the Druze, significant depopulation of the Hauran region and execution of the Druze leaders in 1910 ...
Bridge At Nimreh - Road Network of The Hauran
... The Bridge at Nimreh is located in the Hauran (ancient name Auranitis), a mountainous volcanic region c ... The Hauran lay at the junction of several long distance trade routes the inland trade route between Petra, Damascus and Aleppo went right through the main emporium Bostra ...
Al-Sanamayn - History - Ottoman Era
... of the nahiya of Bani Kilab in the Qada of Hauran ... and some of the houses are in the best style of Hauran architecture." Among the features of these structures were large walls, stone doors, roofs and window shutters and basalt character ... Baedeker Palestine and Syria Handbook for travellers noted it as "an excellent example of a Hauran village." ...