George Ivanovich Gurdjieff (Russian: Гео́ргий Ива́нович Гюрджи́ев) (January 13, 1866 – October 29, 1949) was an influential spiritual teacher of the early to mid-20th century who taught that the vast majority of humanity lives their entire lives in a state of hypnotic "waking sleep," but that it was possible to transcend to a higher state of consciousness and achieve full human potential. Gurdjieff developed a method for doing so, calling his discipline "The Work" (connoting "work on oneself") or "the Method." According to his principles and instructions,. Gurdjieff's method for awakening one's consciousness is different from that of the fakir, monk or yogi, so his discipline is also called (originally) the "Fourth Way." At one point he described his teaching as being "esoteric Christianity."

At different times in his life, Gurdjieff formed and closed various schools around the world to teach the work. He claimed that the teachings he brought to the West from his own experiences and early travels expressed the truth found in ancient religions and wisdom teachings relating to self-awareness in people's daily lives and humanity's place in the universe. The title of his third series of writings, Life Is Real Only Then, When 'I Am', expresses the essence of his teachings. His complete series of books is entitled All and Everything.

Read more about GurdjieffBiography, Offspring, Ideas, Reception and Influence, Bibliography

Other articles related to "gurdjieff":

Abdullah Isa Neil Dougan
... He ran open, Westernised groups, initially based on the Fourth Way ideas of GI Gurdjieff, with reference to Sufi, Hindu and Buddhist traditions ... and 60s Dougan participated in, then led a Gurdjieff group that came under the direction of CS Nott ... of the approach and concluded that Nott and other Gurdjieff pupils were identified with Gurdjieff’s personality ...
The Great Beast - Later Life - After The Abbey: 1923–1947
... In February 1924, Crowley visited Gurdjieff's Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man ... He did not meet the founder on that occasion, but called Gurdjieff a "tip-top man" in his diary ... Some claim that on a later visit he met Gurdjieff—who firmly repudiated Crowley ...
Jane Heap - Work
... collections of memoirs, and particularly their memories of working with Gurdjieff ... in 1964, former students put together a collection of her aphorisms (both her own and Gurdjieff's) and, in 1983, some notes reflecting her expression of some of the key Gurdjieff ideas ...
Gurdjieff - Bibliography - Music
... Gurdjieff Sacred Hymns, by Keith Jarrett, ECM, 1980 Seekers of the Truth The Complete Piano Music of Georges I ... Gurdjieff and Thomas de Hartmann, Volume One, by Cecil Lytle, Celestial Harmonies, 1992 Reading of a Sacred Book The Complete Piano Music of Georges I ... Gurdjieff and Thomas de Hartmann, Volume Two, by Cecil Lytle, Celestial Harmonies, 1992 Words for a Hymn to the Sun The Complete Piano Music of Georges I ...
Charles Stanley Nott
... Gurdjieff ... He first met Gurdjieff and A ... Development of Man and became a close student of Gurdjieff ...

Famous quotes containing the word gurdjieff:

    A man can only attain knowledge with the help of those who possess it. This must be understood from the very beginning. One must learn from him who knows.
    —George Gurdjieff (c. 1877–1949)

    In properly organized groups no faith is required; what is required is simply a little trust and even that only for a little while, for the sooner a man begins to verify all he hears the better it is for him.
    —George Gurdjieff (c. 1877–1949)

    A man will renounce any pleasures you like but he will not give up his suffering.
    —George Gurdjieff (c. 1877–1949)