Goods stations may be located:
- next to a passenger station (either on the far side of the platforms as seen from the station building or immediately alongside it),
- separately from the associated passenger station on one of the railway lines leading from it,
- as an independent facility not connected with any particular passenger station.
Where individual goods wagons are dispatched to specific goods stations, they are usually delivered to special shunting stations or marshalling yards where they are sorted and then collected. Sometimes there are combined shunting and goods stations.
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