### Some articles on *goldstone bosons, goldstone, bosons, boson*:

Symmetries and Symmetry Breaking - Symmetries of The QCD Vacuum

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**Goldstone bosons**of the symmetry breaking are the pseudoscalar mesons ... only the u and d quarks are treated as massless, the three pions are the**Goldstone bosons**... eight pseudoscalar mesons of the quark model become**Goldstone bosons**...Higgs Boson - History

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**Goldstone**'s theorem, relating to continuous symmetries within some theories, also appeared to rule out many obvious solutions, since it appeared to show that zero-mass ... and spontaneous symmetry breaking, the Nambu–**Goldstone**massless mode can combine with the massless gauge field modes to produce a physical massive vector field ... experts." The Higgs mechanism is a process by which vector**bosons**can get rest mass without explicitly breaking gauge invariance, as a byproduct of ...Higgs Boson - Theoretical Properties - Theoretical Need For The Higgs

... ever flip helicity as required for mass, so they must be massless.) W and Z

... ever flip helicity as required for mass, so they must be massless.) W and Z

**bosons**are observed to have mass, but a**boson**mass term contains terms which clearly depend on the choice ... Therefore it seems that none of the standard model fermions or**bosons**could "begin" with mass as an inbuilt property except by abandoning gauge invariance ... unexpected massless particles and long-range forces (seemingly an inevitable consequence of**Goldstone**'s theorem) which did not actually seem to exist in nature ...Pseudo-Goldstone Boson

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**Goldstone bosons**arise in a quantum field theory with both spontaneous and explicit symmetry breaking ... would be spontaneously broken (hidden), and would thus engender massless**Goldstone bosons**... The additional explicit symmetry breaking gives these**bosons**a small mass ...Technicolor (physics) - Early Technicolor

... grand-unification mass scale), and with the Higgs

... grand-unification mass scale), and with the Higgs

**boson**mass Mphysical = 100–500 GeV, the mass is tuned to at least a part in 1025 ... technifermions acquire a dynamical mass, and a number of massless**Goldstone bosons**result ... doublets and right-handed singlets, three linear combinations of these**Goldstone bosons**couple to three of the electroweak gauge currents ...Main Site Subjects

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