The Goan Catholics (Konkani: Goenche Katholik) are an ethno-religious community of Roman Catholics and their descendants from the state of Goa, located on the west coast of India. They are Konkani people and speak the Konkani language. Portuguese seafarers arrived in Goa in 1510, and Catholic missionary activities soon followed, as Pope Nicholas V had enacted the Papal bull Romanus Pontifex in 1455, which granted the patronage of the propagation of the Christian faith in Asia.
The Edict of the Goa Inquisition and the Portuguese–Maratha wars are notable events in their history which led to the migration of many Goan Catholics to neighbouring regions. After the Goans converted to Christianity, their new religion came to be superimposed on their ancestral Hindu customs, beliefs, and caste system. Their Feni, a native liquor, and various contributions to music and literature are well-known.
The culture of the Goan Catholics is a blend of Indo-Hindu and Luso-Christian cultures. The notion of Goan identity—initially closely linked with Portuguese culture—was forged after the integration of Goa into the Indian Union in 1961. Contemporary Goan Catholic culture can be best described as an increasingly Anglicised Indo-Latin culture. The Goan Catholic diaspora is concentrated in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, the Lusosphere, and English-speaking countries such as Great Britain, Australia, and the United States.
... Notable Goan Catholics Achievements Adeodato Barreto Indo-Portuguese poet and writer Abbé Faria 19th century priest Alfred D'Cruz First Indian Sub-Editor of The Times of India, Mumbai in 1947 co-author of Saligao 'Focu ... player Maria Aurora Couto Indian writer Lorna Cordeiro Goan Konkani language singer and tiatrist Nicole Faria First woman from India to win Miss ... de Souza Goan historian and writer Wendell Rodricks Indian fashion designer Tristão de Bragança Cunha Indian freedom fighter Wallis Mathias Pakistani ex-cricketer Anthony Mascarenhas Exposed war ...
... Goan Catholics have retained their Hindu caste system and customs regarding marriage ... Later, it is followed by the traditional Catholic wedding mass and finally the Wedding Reception which wraps up the 4-5 day long wedding The Attire The women at a typical Goan Catholic wedding generally ... Contemporary Goan Catholics typically have a White wedding ...
... Early Roman Catholic missionaries, particularly the Portuguese, led by the Jesuit St Francis Xavier (1506–52), expanded from their bases on the west coast ... in a 1545 letter to John III of Portugal, requested the Goan Inquisition, which is considered a blot on the history of Roman Catholic Christianity in India, both by ... native church under the authority of the Roman Catholic Church ...
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—George Gordon Noel Byron (17881824)