Gluten-free diets (for reasons other than celiac disease) have become a recent trend. A number of experts are beginning to believe that celiac disease is at the extreme end of a spectrum of gluten sensitvity, and a number of people are adopting gluten-free diets to treat celiac disease-like symptoms in the absence of a positive test for celiac disease.
In addition, some parents are using gluten-free diets to treat autism, although evidence of the diet's efficacy as an autism treatment is poor. Despite vigorous marketing, a variety of studies, including a study by the University of Rochester, found that the "Popular Autism Diet Does Not Demonstrate Behavioral Improvement" and fails to show any genuine benefit to children diagnosed with Autism who do not also, have a known digestive condition which benefits from a gluten-free diet.
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