Gilded Age

In United States history, the Gilded Age was the period following the Civil War, running from 1877 to 1893 when the next era began, the Progressive Era. The term was coined by writers Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner in The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today, satirizing what they believed to be an era of serious social problems hidden by a thin layer of gold.

The Gilded Age was a time of enormous growth that attracted millions from Europe. Railroads were the major industry, but the factory system, mining, and labor unions also gained in importance. The growth was interrupted by major nationwide depressions known as the Panic of 1873 and the Panic of 1893. Most of the growth and prosperity came in only the former Union states of North and West. The South, of the defeated Confederate States of America, remained economically devastated; its economy became increasingly tied to cotton and tobacco production, which suffered low prices. African Americans in the south experienced the worst setbacks, as they were stripped of political power and voting rights. The political landscape was notable in that despite rampant corruption, turnout was high and elections between the evenly matched parties were close. The dominant issues were rights for Black Americans, tariff policy and monetary policy. Reformers worked for civil service reform, prohibition and women's suffrage, while philanthropists built colleges and hospitals, and the many religious denominations exerted a major sway in everyday life.

Read more about Gilded AgeIndustrial and Technological Advances, Economic Growth, Labor Unions, Politics, Immigration, Urban Life, South, Women's Rights, Social Thought, Religion

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Gilded Age - Religion
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History Of Virginia - Gilded Age - Readjustment, Public Education, Segregation
... After his unsuccessful bid for the Democratic nomination for governor in 1877, former confederate General and railroad executive William Mahone became the leader of the "Readjusters", forming a coalition of conservative Democrats and white and black Republicans ... The so-called Readjusters aspired "to break the power of wealth and established privilege" and to promote public education ...
History Of Detroit, Michigan - 20th Century - Gilded Age Architecture
... During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, many of the city's Gilded Age mansions and buildings arose ... historically significant churches and cathedrals arose during the Gilded Age throughout the city's neighborhoods ...

Famous quotes containing the words age and/or gilded:

    The great wars of the present age are the effects of the study of history.
    Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)

    The Star that bids the Shepherd fold,
    Now the top of Heav’n doth hold,
    And the gilded Car of Day,
    His glowing Axle doth allay
    In the steep Atlantick stream,
    John Milton (1608–1674)