Ghana i/ˈɡɑːnə/, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Ivory Coast to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The word Ghana means "Warrior King" and is derived from the ancient Ghana Empire.

Ghana was inhabited in pre-colonial times by a number of ancient predominantly Akan kingdoms, including the inland Ashanti Empire, the Akwamu, the Akyem, the Bonoman, the Denkyira, and the Fante among others. Non-Akan states created by the Ga also existed as did states by the Dagomba. Prior to contact with Europeans trade between the Akan and various African states flourished due to Akan gold wealth. Trade with European states began after contact with the Portuguese in the 15th century, and the British established the Gold Coast Crown colony in 1874 over parts but not all of the country.

The Gold Coast achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1957, becoming the first sub-Saharan African nation to do so, from European colonialism. The name Ghana was chosen for the new nation to reflect the ancient Empire of Ghana, which once extended throughout much of west Africa.

Ghana is a member of the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States, and an associate member of La Francophonie. Ghana is one of the largest cocoa producers in the world, and is also home to Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world by surface area.

Read more about Ghana:  Etymology, History, Regions and Districts, Government and Politics, Economy, Geography, Demographics, Culture and Media, Education

Other articles related to "ghana":

Richard Kingson - International Career
... Kingson is the starting goalkeeper of the Ghana national football team, and was called up for the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations and the 2010 FIFA World Cup ... voted as an All-Star Goalkeeper during the 2008 African Cup of Nations Tournament in Ghana ... In 2008, he scored a goal for Ghana in a friendly – a late equaliser in a 1–1 draw against Tanzania ...
... Atimpoku is a small town located along the Volta River in the Eastern Region of Ghana, and the capital of Asuogyaman District ... The town is the site of the Adomi Bridge, Ghana's largest suspension bridge, and is one of the town's closest to the Akosombo Dam, a hydroelectric facility which ...
Ghana - Education
... Main article Education in Ghana Ghanaian Junior High School students in a classroom, March 2008 The adult literacy rate in Ghana was 75% in 2007, with males at 87.2% and females at 67.1% ... Ghana has a six-year primary education system beginning at age six, and, under the educational reforms implemented in 1987 and reformed in 2007, they pass on to a three-year junior high school system ... Presently, Ghana has 21,530 primary schools, 8,850 junior secondary schools, 900 senior secondary schools, 52 public training colleges, 5 private training colleges, 5 polytechnical institutions, 4 non-university ...
Manfo Kwaku Asiedu
... He was raised in Ghana and educated to the equivalent of A-level standard ... He entered Britain on a flight from Ghana in late 2003 ... and the judge also recommended that Asiedu be deported back to Ghana upon release ...
Michael Essien - International Career
... Essien's international career started with the Ghana U-17 national team, the Black Starlets, when he played in the 1999 FIFA U-17 Championship in New Zealand and won the bronze medal ... but had played for Ghana in a Pre-Tournament friendly against Egypt on 4 January 2002 ... to be part of the team that represented Ghana at the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany ...

Famous quotes containing the word ghana:

    While the rest of the world has been improving technology, Ghana has been improving the quality of man’s humanity to man.
    Maya Angelou (b. 1928)