General Register Office

General Register Office (GRO) is the name given to the civil registry in England and Wales, Scotland, many other Commonwealth nations and Ireland. As such, the GRO is the government agency responsible for the recording of vital records such as births, deaths, and marriages. The director of a General Register Office is titled Registrar General.

Specific offices include:

  • General Register Office for England and Wales - The post of registrar general was created by the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1836, and registration began in 1837. The first holder of the post was Thomas Henry Lister. The registrar general was soon given other responsibilities, such as the conduct of every census in England and Wales since 1841, and eventually came to be head of a primarily statistical organisation. In 1972, with the creation of the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, the General Register Office became just one division of the new office, headed by a Deputy Registrar General. In England and Wales, birth registration with the state began on 1 July 1837. The birth was registered in the birth district and at the end of each quarter, the registrar sent a copy of all entries to the Registrar General. However, registration did not become compulsory until 1875. Until 1875 there was no penalty for not registering a birth; after that a fine of £2 was introduced. Between 1837 and 1875 some births were not registered so a child could be sent out to work, or, after 1853, to avoid the compulsory vaccinations of children over three months old which began that year. With the creation of the Office for National Statistics, the post of Registrar General was merged with that of Head of the Government Statistical Service, who is now also the National Statistician. However, following the 2008 implementation of the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, the General Register Office continues to be part of a ministerially-accountable department, becoming a part of the Identity & Passport Service in the Home Office and the post of Registrar-General is now held by its head.
  • General Register Office for Scotland.
  • Registrar General of Canada - a government minister with entirely different and unrelated functions.
  • Registrar General of Sri Lanka - a civil servant who heads the Registrar General's department responsible for registration of birth, marriages and deaths of the populace Sri Lankan and legal documents pertaining to properties. The post was created in 1864.

The Australian states and territories and New Zealand also have registrars general with broadly similar functions. The Hong Kong Government also established a registrar general after the British acquired Hong Kong in 1841; the post was later renamed the Secretary of Chinese Affairs in 1913.

Other articles related to "registers, register, general register office, general, offices, register office":

Warka Vase - Decoration
... The vase has three registers – or tiers – of carving ... The bottom register depicts the vegetation in the Tigris and Euphrates delta, such as the natural reeds and cultivated grain ... The procession continues in the second register with nude males carrying bowls and jars of sacrificial elements, such as fruit and grain ...
Registrar General
... General Register Office (GRO) is the name given to the civil registry in England and Wales, Scotland, many other Commonwealth nations and Ireland ... The director of a General Register Office is titled Registrar General ... Specific offices include General Register Office for England and Wales - The post of registrar general was created by the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1836, and registration began in 1837 ...
Birth Certificates in England and Wales - Types of Certified Copies Issued in England and Wales
... full" birth certificate issued is actually a certified copy of an entry from the register of births, either that held by the local Register office or at the ... Modern certified copies issued by the General Register Office will usually be photocopies of the page or relevant part of a page in the GRO's registers but will be written or typed copies if the original is ... They can be ordered by registered users from the General Register Office Certificate Ordering Service or by postal or telephone ordering from the General Register Office or by post or in ...
Register, Georgia - Demographics
... There were 68 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.2% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...
Great Seal Of Scotland - Register
... under the Great Seal of Scotland from 1306 to 1668 are published in the Register of the Great Seal of Scotland (Registrum Magni Sigilli Regum Scotorum) ...

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