Gauge Theories

Some articles on gauge, gauge theories, theories:

Regauging - History and Importance
... The earliest field theory having a gauge symmetry was Maxwell's formulation of electrodynamics in 1864 ... invariance under the change of scale (or "gauge") might also be a local symmetry of general relativity ... the development of quantum mechanics, Weyl, Vladimir Fock and Fritz London modified gauge by replacing the scale factor with a complex quantity and turned the scale transformation into a change of phase ...
Sakurai Prize - Prize Recipients
... of the properties of spontaneous symmetry breaking in four-dimensional relativistic gauge theory and of the mechanism for the consistent generation of vector boson masses." See also 1964 PRL symmetry breaking papers ... QCD, non-leptonic weak decays, and the analytic properties of supersymmetric gauge theories" 1998 Leonard Susskind "For his pioneering contributions ... Gribov "For his early pioneering work on the high energy behavior of quantum field theories and his elucidating studies of the global structure of non-abelian gauge theories" 1990 Toichiro Kinoshita "For ...
D-brane - Gauge Theories
... In most theories, strings are oriented objects each one carries an "arrow" defining a direction along its length.) The open strings permissible in this situation then fall into two categories, or "sectors" those ... Because string theories are by nature relativistic, adding energy to a string is equivalent to adding mass, by Einstein's relation E = mc2 ... The quantum version of Maxwell's electromagnetism is only one kind of gauge theory, a U(1) gauge theory where the gauge group is made of unitary ...
Regauging - Quantization of Gauge Theories
... Gauge theories may be quantized by specialization of methods which are applicable to any quantum field theory ... However, because of the subtleties imposed by the gauge constraints (see section on Mathematical formalism, above) there are many technical problems to be solved which do not ... At the same time, the richer structure of gauge theories allow simplification of some computations for example Ward identities connect different renormalization ...
Regauging - Quantization of Gauge Theories - Methods and Aims
... The first gauge theory to be quantized was quantum electrodynamics (QED) ... The first methods developed for this involved gauge fixing and then applying canonical quantization ... Non-abelian gauge theories are now handled by a variety of means ...

Famous quotes containing the word theories:

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    Mary Kay Blakely (20th century)