In international human rights law, a forced disappearance (or enforced disappearance) occurs when a person is secretly abducted or imprisoned by a state or political organization or by a third party with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of a state or political organization, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the person's fate and whereabouts, with the intent of placing the victim outside the protection of the law.
According to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, which came into force on 1 July 2002, when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed at any civilian population, a "forced disappearance" qualifies as a crime against humanity and, thus, is not subject to a statute of limitations. On 20 December 2006, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.
Often forced disappearance implies murder. The victim in such a case is abducted, illegally detained and often tortured during interrogation; killed, and the body hidden. Typically, a murder will be surreptitious, with the corpse disposed of to escape discovery, so that the person apparently vanishes. The party committing the murder has deniability, as nobody provides evidence of the victim's death.
Disappearing political rivals is also a way for regimes to engender feelings of complicity in populations. That is: the difficulty of publicly fighting a government which murders in secret can result in widespread pretense that everything is normal, as it did in Argentina.
Other articles related to "forced disappearance, disappearance, forced":
... The case of disappearance and presumed death of Alikhadzhiyev was used by Sergei Kovalev in his defense of Akhmed Zakayev, Maskhadov's envoy on Europe, before the British ... Russia, the European Court of Human Rights found Russian authorities responsible for the "disappearance" and presumed killing of Alikhadzhiev and ordered the government to pay his mother 40,000 euros ($54,500) in ...
... of a disciplinary investigation into the 1987 "disappearance", torture and murder of Nydia Erika Bautista and called for Brigadier General Álvaro Hernán Velandia Hurtado and an ... was attached, was fully aware of the capture, disappearance, torture and murder of Nydia Erika Bautista by men under his command and that he had had the "duty, power and opportunity to prevent this serious crime ...
... Lethbridge – Vancouver Unexplained disappearance TCA Flight 9 Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan April 8, 1954 Canadair C-4-1 Argonaut Winnipeg – Calgary Mid ... Corsica January 21, 1936 CAMS 53 Marseille-Tunis Unexplained disappearance F-ANBL Mazamet August 2, 1936 Wibault 280 Poor visibility F-AKGF off Dakar December 7, 1936 Latécoère ... type Route Cause F-AEGP Flandre Lympne Airport May 7, 1923 Farman F.60 Goliath Forced landing None Monsures, France May 13, 1923 Farman F.60 Goliath Paris – Croydon Structural failure of wing None ...
Famous quotes containing the word forced:
“With all of my power of living
I am forced to lie on the floor.”
—John Ashbery (b. 1927)