Five Civilized Tribes - Choctaw

The Choctaw are a Native American people originally from the Southeastern United States (Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Louisiana). They are of the Muskogean linguistic group. The word Choctaw (also known as Chahta, Chato, Tchakta, and Chocktaw) may derive from the Castilian word "chato," meaning flat; however, noted anthropologist John Swanton suggests that the name belonged to a Choctaw leader. They were descended from people of the Mississippian culture which was located throughout the Mississippi River valley. The early Spanish explorers, according to the historian Walter Williams, encountered their ancestors. Although smaller Choctaw groups are located in the southern region, the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma and the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians are the two primary Choctaw associations.

I rejoice, brothers, to hear you propose to become cultivators of the earth for the maintenance of your families. Be assured you will support them better and with less labor, by raising stock and bread, and by spinning and weaving clothes, than by hunting. A little land cultivated, and a little labor, will procure more provisions than the most successful hunt; and a woman will clothe more by spinning and weaving, than a man by hunting. Compared with you, we are but as of yesterday in this land. Yet see how much more we have multiplied by industry, and the exercise of that reason which you possess in common with us. Follow then our example, brethren, and we will aid you with great pleasure ...

—President Thomas Jefferson, Brothers of the Choctaw Nation, December 17, 1803

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Other articles related to "choctaw, choctaws":

Choctaw, Oklahoma And Gulf Railroad
... The Choctaw, Oklahoma and Gulf Railroad (CO G), known informally as the "Choctaw Route," was an American railroad in the states of the Arkansas, and Oklahoma ... The company, originally known as the Choctaw Coal and Railway Company, completed its main line between West Memphis, Arkansas and western Oklahoma by 1900 ... In 1901 the CO G chartered a subsidiary company, the Choctaw, Oklahoma and Texas Railroad, to continue construction west into the Texas panhandle, and ...
Choctaw In The American Civil War
... Choctaw in the American Civil War participated in two major arenas- East and West ... General Arnold Spann organized the first battalion of Choctaws in Mississippi, and Albert Pike conducted treaty terms and later commanded a combined force of Choctaw Cherokee Chickasaw ...
List Of Choctaw Chiefs - Current Tribes
... In 1959, the Choctaw Termination Act was passed ... Unless repealed by the federal government, the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma would effectively be terminated as a sovereign nation as of August 25, 1970 ... The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 allowed the Mississippi Choctaws to become re-organized on April 20, 1945 as the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians ...
List Of Choctaw Treaties
... List of Choctaw Treaties is a comprehensive chronological list of historic agreements that directly or indirectly affected the Choctaw people, an American Indian tribe, with other nations ... Choctaw land was systematically obtained through treaties, legislation, and threats of warfare ... of San Lorenzo, indirectly affected the Choctaws ...
List Of Choctaw Treaties - Treaties
... n/a Mobile 1749 France Mobile, AL Trade and Alliance n/a Grandpre 1750 France Choctaw Nation Ended Choctaw Civil War n/a Augusta 1763 Georgia Augusta, GA Established "Indian/White" boundaries n/a ... to serve as protectorate, Choctaw Nation boundaries defined n/a San Lorenzo 1795 Between Spain and United States San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain The treaty ... Adams 1801 United States Mississippi Territory Re-defined Choctaw cession to England and permission for Natchez Trace 2,641,920 acres (10,691.5 km2) Fort Confederation 1802 ...